Invasive Scopulariopsis alboflavescens infection in patient with acute myeloid leukemia
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Scopulariopsis alboflavescens is a soil saprophyte that is widely distributed in nature. Recently, there have been increasing number of reports of invasive infections with Scopulariopsis species in immunocompromised patients. In this report, we described an adult woman with acute myeloid leukemia and who developed S. alboflavescens pneumonia. Liposomal amphotericin B and voriconazole combination therapy was unsuccessful and the patient died because of pneumonia. Scopulariopsis is highly resistant to available antifungal agents and almost invariably fatal. This case report should alert clinicians to the importance of listing Scopulariopsis as a pathogenic fungus in immunocompromised patients.
KeywordsScopulariopsis Acute myeloid leukemia Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
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Conflict of interest
Authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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