Computer Navigation in Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

  • Jonathan N. SembranoEmail author
  • Sharon C. Yson
  • Jeffrey J. Theismann
Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (W Hsu, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery


Purpose of Review

The goal of the review is to discuss the common general applications of navigation in the context of minimally invasive spine surgery and assess its value in the published literature comparing against non-navigated or navigated techniques.

Recent Findings

There is increasing utilization of computer navigation in minimally invasive spine surgery. There is synergy between navigation and minimally invasive technologies, such that one enhances or facilitates the other, thus leading to wider applications for both. Specifically, navigation has been shown to improve performance of percutaneous pedicle screw placement, vertebral augmentation, and minimally invasive fusion procedures. Overall, clinical studies have shown better accuracy and less radiation exposure with the use of navigation in spine surgery.


The use of navigation in minimally invasive spine surgery enhances the accuracy of instrumentation and decreases radiation exposure. It is yet to be determined whether patient-reported outcomes will differ. Further research on its effect on clinical outcomes may further define the future impact of navigation in minimally invasive spine surgery.


Navigation Minimally invasive spine surgery Spine fusion Percutaneous pedicle screw 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Jonathan N. Sembrano, MD has a research support from NuVasive, Inc. Sharon C. Yson, MD received a research support from SI-Bone, Inc. Jeffrey J. Theismann has no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

No human or animal studies were conducted by authors for this manuscript.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan N. Sembrano
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sharon C. Yson
    • 1
  • Jeffrey J. Theismann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of Minnesota Medical SchoolMinneapolisUSA

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