Special Considerations in the Management of Diabetic Ankle Fractures
Purpose of Review
Ankle fractures and diabetes mellitus are both increasing in prevalence. Patients with both diabetes and an ankle fracture have been shown to have an increased rate of complications which can be catastrophic. The purposes of this review are to identify factors placing patients at an increased risk and offer guidance on the management of these injuries, in order to reduce potential complications.
Non-operative management of unstable ankle fractures in patients with diabetes results in an unacceptably high rate of complications. Operatively managed patients with uncomplicated diabetes seem to fair as well as patients without diabetes. Thus, it is important to recognize patients as either complicated or uncomplicated at the onset of their treatment based on comorbidities.
There is limited evidence to guide the management of ankle fractures in patients with diabetes, in particular those deemed complicated. Non-operative management of unstable fractures in diabetic patients should be avoided.
KeywordsDiabetic ankle fracture Charcot neuroarthropathy Ankle fracture complications Ankle fracture fixation
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
All authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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