Brief history of quality movement in US healthcare
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The current healthcare quality improvement infrastructure is a product of a century long experience of cumulative efforts. It began with an acknowledgement of the role of quality in healthcare, and gradually evolved to encompass the prioritization of quality improvement and the development of systems to monitor, quantify, and incentivize quality improvement in healthcare. We review the origins and the evolution of the US healthcare quality movement, identify existing initiatives specific to musculoskeletal care, outline significant challenges and opportunities, and propose recommendations for the future. Elements noted to be associated with successful healthcare quality improvement efforts include the presence of physician leadership, infrastructural support, and prioritization of healthcare quality within the culture of the organization. Issues that will require continued work include the development of a valid and reliable evidence base, accurate and replicable performance measurement and data collection methods, and development of a standard set of specialty specific performance metrics, with accurate provider attribution, risk adjustment and reporting mechanisms.
KeywordsQuality Healthcare Musculoskeletal Orthopedics History Improvement Performance measurement Standards Reporting Reimbursement Cost Value Public Private Government Evidence-base Structure Process Outcome Monitoring and evaluation
KJ Bozic: Paid consultant for Blue Cross Blue Shield Association, Integrated Healthcare Association, Pacific Business Group on Health; Y Marjoua: none.
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