Delivery of Automated External Defibrillators (AED) by Drones: Implications for Emergency Cardiac Care
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Purpose of Review
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains a significant health problem in the USA and only 8.6% of victims survive with good neurological function, despite advances in emergency cardiac care. The likelihood of OHCA survival decreases by 10% for every minute without resuscitation.
Automatic external defibrillators (AEDs) have the potential to save lives yet public access defibrillators are underutilized (< 2% of the time) because they are difficult to locate and rarely available in homes or residential areas, where the majority (70%) of OHCA occur. Even when AEDs are within close proximity (within 100 m), they are not used 40% of the time.
Unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones, have the potential to deliver AEDs to a bystander and augment emergency medical service (EMS) care. We review the use of drones in medicine, what is currently known, and clinical implications for advancing emergency cardiac care.
KeywordsSudden cardiac arrest Automatic external defibrillation Public access defibrillation Unmanned aerial vehicles Drones
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The project described was supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), National Institutes of Health, through grant award numbers KL2TR002490 and UL1TR002489. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH. This is TraCS Pilot award grant no. UNCSUR31707.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance
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