The Secondary Prevention of Cardiometabolic Disease in Diabetes Patients: Novel Advancements and the Way Forward

Physical Activity (D Warburton, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Physical Activity

Abstract

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in developed countries around the world has never before reached greater proportions. Given the chronic nature of the disease and its frequent, concomitant presence of cardiometabolic risk factors, patients with T2DM are most likely to experience fatalities associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Chronic cardiometabolic disease and T2DM are preventable, reversible, and can be delayed with the appropriate lifestyle choices or modifications. Recent findings examining intensive lifestyle interventions targeting weight loss, and the potential feasibility of incorporating high intensity interval training (HIIT) into the exercise regimens of patients with T2DM, encourage optimism as we, as a society, move into the future and seek a novel approach to extricate ourselves from this trend of premature death associated with chronic cardiometabolic disease. The way forward in the secondary prevention of cardiometabolic disease involves eliciting change in our perception of physical activity at the earliest stage in life possible: childhood.

Keywords

Type 2 diabetes Cardiometabolic disease Primary prevention Secondary prevention Exercise High intensity interval training (HIIT) Continuous moderate intensity training (CMIT) Vigorous physical activity (VPA) Moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) Physical activity Overweight Obese Bariatric surgery Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) Children Adolescence Cardioprotective 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University Health Network Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation Program, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute (UHN-TRI)TorontoCanada

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