Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 6, pp 520–526 | Cite as

Mediterranean Diet and Cardiovascular Risk – Are We There Yet?

Game Changers in CV Risk Research (D Levy, Section Editor)


A Mediterranean-style diet has long been propounded to confer substantial health-promoting effects, particularly those relating to cardiovascular disease. The diet itself represents a concept that varies across the Mediterranean region but is characterized by relatively high intakes of olive oil, legumes, fruits and vegetables, unrefined cereals, fish, and red wine—all of which are purported to be beneficial at reducing cardiometabolic risk. Most of the evidence to date on the effects of the Mediterranean diet has come from large prospective cohort studies, clinical feeding studies, and small randomized trials of the effects of different components of the diet on cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors. In recent years there have been several meta-analyses published that have attempted to aggregate the large amounts of data on the topic and the first randomized trial of the effects of the Mediterranean diet on cardiovascular outcomes in a primary care setting. The findings from these studies will be discussed as so will the most recent evidence as to the biological mechanisms that may underpin the association between the Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular risk.


Mediterranean diet Cardiovascular risk Mechanisms 


Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Rachel R. Huxley declares that she has no conflict of interest. Peter Clifton declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Population HealthUniversity of QueenslandHerstonAustralia
  2. 2.Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes InstituteUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia

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