Meeting Disparities Where they Reside: The Geography of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities in Cardiovascular Health
- 152 Downloads
Despite the Institute of Medicine report on racial and ethnic disparities in health care outcomes that was published more than 10 years ago, disparities in health outcomes including cardiovascular disease outcomes persist. The recent literature on racial and ethnic disparities in cardiovascular disease outcomes incorporates geospatial-mapping analyses in order to shed light on the ways in which disparities vary by location, highlighting variability in access to health care. In addition the problem of access to health care, the quality of the health care that is available to minority communities has also been scrutinized, underscoring the potential of quality improvement interventions to reduce existing disparities in cardiovascular outcomes. Targeted interventions to expand health education, expand access to primary and tertiary care and improve the quality of the health care received by racial and ethnic minorities could reduce disparities in cardiovascular outcomes.
KeywordsCardiovascular disease Health status disparities Residence characteristics Quality improvement
Compliance with Ethics Guidelines
Conflict of Interest
Melissa Burroughs Peña declares no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
- 1.•• Nelson A. Unequal treatment: confronting racial and ethnic disparities in health care. J Nat Med Assoc. 2002;94:666–8.Google Scholar
- 9.Foraker RE, Patel MD, Whitsel EA, Suchindran CM, Heiss G, Rose KM. Neighborhood socioeconomic disparities and 1-year case fatality after incident myocardial infarction: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Community Surveillance (1992–2002). Am Heart J. 2013;165:102–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar