Plant-based dietary patterns in the control of obesity and cardiovascular risk
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Obesity and cardiovascular disease are uncommon in people consuming plant-based diets. In contrast, overweight and obesity are surging in US children and adults, increasing their risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Plant-based diets are primarily comprised of whole plant foods that are rich in fiber and several beneficial phytochemicals and low to moderate in fat. Plant-based dietary patterns have been shown to reduce body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in adults, children, and adolescents. Well-planned plant-based diets are nutritionally adequate, well-accepted, and sustainable for the long term and represent an effective strategy in the control of obesity and cardiovascular disease risk.
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