Simultaneous Detection of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella typhimurium by a SERS-Based Lateral Flow Immunochromatographic Assay

  • Zhengzong WuEmail author


Foodborne diseases arise from Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) and Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) are global public health problems, influencing both developing and developed countries. Therefore, their rapid and accurate detection is of much concern in food safety and point-of-care diagnostics. In this study, a surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based lateral flow assay (LFA) for simultaneous detection of them was developed. Under optimal conditions, the proposed assay showed good linear responses in the ranges of 102–107 cfu/mL and 102–107 cfu/mL with limits of detection of 75 cfu/mL and 75 cfu/mL, respectively, for L. monocytogenes and S. typhimurium, respectively. The practicality of the LFA in real food sample (milk) was also validated. Overall, the proposed assay is promising and has a good chance to be employed for multiple pathogen detection in food products.


Food analysis Surface-enhanced Raman scattering Multiplex detection Pathogen Lateral flow 


Funding Information

This research was supported by the Postgraduate research and Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province (No. KYCX18_751), Nature Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK20160168), Nature Science Foundation of China (Nos. 31601413 and 31501418) and Special Funds for Taishan Scholars Project.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Zhengzong Wu declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Biobased Material and Green PapermakingQilu University of Technology, Shandong Academy of SciencesJinanChina
  2. 2.School of Food Science and EngineeringQilu University of Technology, Shandong Academy of SciencesJinanChina

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