Dynamic Reaction Cell-ICP-MS as a Powerful Tool for Quality Control of a Se-Enriched Dietary Supplement
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The aim of this work was to evaluate different approaches employing a reaction cell to circumvent spectral interferences over 80Se+ to increase the sensitivity in the determination of Se by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Different gases (NH3, CH4, and O2) were employed, and the operating conditions were optimized by a central composite design, evaluating the effect of the reaction gas flow rate and the rejection parameter q (Rpq) on the limit of detection (LOD) of the method. All reaction gases studied reduced the interference by 40Ar2 + over 80Se+, reducing the LOD when compared to the LOD obtained with ICP-MS operating in the standard mode (LOD = 0.2 μg kg−1). A better LOD (0.01 μg kg−1) was obtained with CH4, while 0.1 μg kg−1 was the LOD with NH3. The use of O2 as a reaction gas enabled the determination of Se at m/z 96 (80Se16O+) with adequate analytical performance (LOD = 0.03 μg kg−1). The accuracy of the method was evaluated by analyzing the certified reference material (CRM) Selm-1, and the results obtained ranged from 99 to 104% of the certified value. In addition, Se dietary supplements of four different brands and commercial yeast were analyzed, and the major sources of uncertainty were studied. The dietary supplements followed the criteria adopted by Brazilian legislation, although the uncertainty study highlighted the great variation in the Se content of each brand. Clearly, the manufacturing process of dietary supplements needs more rigorous quality control, considering that this product can affect the health of consumers.
KeywordsSelenium ICP-MS Reaction cell Dietary supplement Yeast sample
The authors thank Biorigin (São Paulo, Brazil) for supplying the Se-enriched yeast. The authors also thank CNPq for financial support: Prometro 563105/2010-0.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.
This study was funded by CNPq (Prometro 563105/2010-0)
Conflict of Interest
Jefferson Rodrigues de Souza declares that he has no conflict of interest. Lilian da Silva declares that she has no conflict of interest. Márcia Silva da Rocha declares that she has no conflict of interest. Tatiana Dillenburg Saint’Pierre declares that she has no conflict of interest.
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