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Food Analytical Methods

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 279–286 | Cite as

Elemental Composition of Various Sour Cherry and Table Grape Cultivars Using Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry Method (ICP-OES)

  • Snežana S. MitićEmail author
  • Mirjana V. Obradović
  • Milan N. Mitić
  • Danijela A. Kostić
  • Aleksandra N. Pavlović
  • Snežana B. Tošić
  • Milan D. Stojković
Article

Abstract

Three sour cherry and three table grape cultivars were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The elements: Na, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, Cr, Cd, Co, Pb, and Ni were detected in all samples; four elements are very abundant (K, Na, Ca, and Mg), and four are not abundant (Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn). Five of them are trace elements (Cr, Cd, Co, Pb, and Ni) at <0.1 mg/kg. Among the 13 elements analyzed, potassium was the most abundant element distributed throughout all categories of fruits. Iron was the predominant minor element constituents. Manganese concentration was the highest in table grape cultivars. The accuracy of the results was evaluated by spike recovery tests. Analysis of variance was used to establish the metals with significant difference in mean content between the cultivars from sour cherries and between table grapes. Principal component analysis was used to evaluate the distribution of metals.

Keywords

Minerals Sour cherries Table grapes ICP-OES 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This research was supported by grant number 142015 from the Serbian Ministry of Science and Technological Development. The authors are grateful for the financial support provided by this Ministry.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Snežana S. Mitić
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mirjana V. Obradović
    • 1
  • Milan N. Mitić
    • 1
  • Danijela A. Kostić
    • 1
  • Aleksandra N. Pavlović
    • 1
  • Snežana B. Tošić
    • 1
  • Milan D. Stojković
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and MathematicsUniversity of NišNišSerbia

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