Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 112–118

Implicit Attitudes and Explicit Motivation Prospectively Predict Physical Activity

  • David E. Conroy
  • Amanda L. Hyde
  • Shawna E. Doerksen
  • Nuno F. Ribeiro
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12160-010-9161-0

Cite this article as:
Conroy, D.E., Hyde, A.L., Doerksen, S.E. et al. ann. behav. med. (2010) 39: 112. doi:10.1007/s12160-010-9161-0

Abstract

Background

Contemporary approaches to physical activity motivation and promotion focus on explicit motivational processes which regulate intentional physical activity. Less is known about the role of implicit processes, which may be instrumental in regulating habitual aspects of unintentional (i.e., incidental) physical activity (PA).

Purpose

To test the proposition that the routine nature of unintentional PA makes it amenable to control by implicit processes.

Methods

Participants (N = 201) completed measures of explicit motivation (i.e., efficacy beliefs, outcome expectations, behavioral intentions, perceived behavioral control) and implicit attitudes toward physical activity, and then wore a pedometer for 1 week.

Results

Implicit attitudes positively predicted PA after controlling for well-established predictors of intentional physical activity.

Conclusions

PA motivation involves both explicit and implicit processes, and PA promotion efforts may be enhanced by attending to relevant implicit motivation processes.

Keywords

Habit Automaticity Nonconscious Evaluation Implicit association test 

Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • David E. Conroy
    • 1
  • Amanda L. Hyde
    • 1
  • Shawna E. Doerksen
    • 1
  • Nuno F. Ribeiro
    • 1
  1. 1.The Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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