Mediators Affecting Girls’ Levels of Physical Activity Outside of School: Findings from the Trial of Activity in Adolescent Girls

  • Leslie A. Lytle
  • David M. Murray
  • Kelly R. Evenson
  • Jamie Moody
  • Charlotte A. Pratt
  • Lauve Metcalfe
  • Deborah Parra-Medina
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Providing after school activities is a community level approach for reducing the decline in physical activity of girls as they reach early adolescence.

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to examine psychosocial, environmental, and behavioral factors as potential mediators of after school physical activity in adolescent girls.

Methods

We assessed objectively measured levels of physical activity occurring outside of school and potential predictors and mediators of activity in girls participating in the Trial of Activity in Adolescent Girls (TAAG).

Results

We found that the TAAG intervention had a statistically significant and positive effect on out of school activity in the 2006 cohort. Self-efficacy, friends’ social support, total social support, and difficulty getting to and from community activities mediated the level of moderate to vigorous physical activity in girls.

Conclusions

Parents, communities, and schools should provide and enhance opportunities outside of the school day for adolescents to be active. Reducing transportation barriers and enlisting social support appear to be key.

Keywords

After school physical activity Mediators of physical activity Adolescent girls 

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Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leslie A. Lytle
    • 1
  • David M. Murray
    • 2
  • Kelly R. Evenson
    • 3
  • Jamie Moody
    • 4
  • Charlotte A. Pratt
    • 5
  • Lauve Metcalfe
    • 6
  • Deborah Parra-Medina
    • 7
  1. 1.Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public HealthUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Division of Epidemiology, Division of Biostatistics, College of Public HealthThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  3. 3.Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of EpidemiologyUniversity of North Carolina, Bank of America CenterChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.MOVE/Me Muevo, (Obesity Prevention & Control in Community Rec Centers)SDSU Research FoundationSan DiegoUSA
  5. 5.Division of Prevention and Population Sciences, National Heart, Lung, and Blood InstituteNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA
  6. 6.Center for Physical Activity and NutritionUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  7. 7.Institute for Health Promotion Research, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of MedicineUniversity of Texas Health Science CenterSan AntonioUSA

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