Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 186–194 | Cite as

Comparing Psychosocial Predictors of Physical Activity Adoption and Maintenance

  • David M. Williams
  • Beth A. Lewis
  • Shira Dunsiger
  • Jessica A. Whiteley
  • George D. Papandonatos
  • Melissa A. Napolitano
  • Beth C. Bock
  • Joseph T. Ciccolo
  • Bess H. Marcus
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Most health behavior models do not distinguish between determinants of behavior adoption and maintenance.

Purpose

This study compared psychosocial predictors of physical activity (PA) adoption and predictors of PA maintenance among 205 initially sedentary adults enrolled in a home-based PA promotion trial.

Methods

Psychosocial variables were measured at 6 months (at which point 107 participants remained inactive and 98 participants adopted regular PA) and used to predict 12-month PA status (an indicator of PA adoption among those inactive at 6 months and an indicator of PA maintenance among those active at 6 months).

Results

Six-month PA status moderated the relationships between 6-month measures of home access to PA equipment (p = .049), self-efficacy (p = .086), and perceived satisfaction (p = .062) and 12-month PA status. Simple effects analyses revealed that home access to PA equipment was predictive of PA adoption (OR = 1.73; 95% CI: 1.05, 2.85), but not PA maintenance (OR = 0.88; 95% CI: 0.58, 1.35), whereas self-efficacy and perceived satisfaction were predictive of PA maintenance (OR = 2.65; 95% CI: 1.55, 4.52; OR = 1.95; 95% CI: 0.93, 4.06), but not PA adoption (OR = 1.50; 95% CI: 0.87, 2.57; OR = 0.82, CI: 0.44, 1.52).

Conclusion

Results suggest that these psychosocial variables may operate differently in predicting PA adoption versus maintenance.

Keywords

Adoption Maintenance Physical activity Social cognitive theory Perceived satisfaction 

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Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • David M. Williams
    • 1
  • Beth A. Lewis
    • 2
  • Shira Dunsiger
    • 3
  • Jessica A. Whiteley
    • 4
  • George D. Papandonatos
    • 3
  • Melissa A. Napolitano
    • 5
  • Beth C. Bock
    • 1
  • Joseph T. Ciccolo
    • 1
  • Bess H. Marcus
    • 1
  1. 1.Alpert Medical School of Brown University and The Miriam Hospital, Centers for Behavioral and Preventive MedicineProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.School of KinesiologyUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Program in Public HealthBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  4. 4.Department of Exercise and Health SciencesUniversity of MassachusettsBostonUSA
  5. 5.Department of KinesiologyTemple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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