Oncology Reviews

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 203–213 | Cite as

MicroRNAs in the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of cancer

  • Violaine Havelange
  • Catherine E. A. Heaphy
  • Ramiro Garzon


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate critical cell processes such as cell proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation by modulating gene expression. MiRNAs deregulation has been observed extensively in cancer. Elegant studies have demonstrated that miRNAs are involved in the initiation and progression of several malignancies. In this review we will address the role of miRNAs in the diagnosis and prognosis of cancer. The development of new drugs mimicking or blocking miRNAs will be discussed.


MicroRNAs Cancer MiRNAs profiling Diagnosis Prognosis Treatment 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Violaine Havelange
    • 2
    • 3
  • Catherine E. A. Heaphy
    • 1
  • Ramiro Garzon
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Comprehensive Cancer CenterThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Department of Molecular Virology, Immunology and Medical Genetics, Comprehensive Cancer CenterThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  3. 3.Hematological section of the Human Genetic CenterUniversité Catholique de LouvainBrusselsBelgium

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