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Manihot glaziovii-Bonded and Bioethanol-Infused Charcoal Dust Briquettes: A New Route of Addressing Sustainability, Ignition, and Food Security Issues in Briquette Production

  • Lynder E. GesaseEmail author
  • Cecil K. King’onduEmail author
  • Yusufu A. C. Jande
Article
  • 20 Downloads

Abstract

Most of the citizens in developing countries use charcoal for domestic cooking and small-scale enterprises because of its high calorific value, less smoke, and easy to transport. However, a lot of charcoal dust is generated from charcoal trading activities. The dust is left as heaps of solid wastes in urban areas and sometimes thrown in water streams, thus being a nuisance to both humans and the environment. This study aimed to develop and characterize charcoal dust briquettes bonded with wild cassava Manihot glaziovii and also use of bioethanol to enhance briquette ignition. The percentages of binder to charcoal dust were varied from 5 to 30%. Proximate analysis, density, ignition time, burning rate, burning time, and calorific value were determined. The density of the produced briquettes ranged from 0.67 ± 0 to 0.83 ± 0.1 g/cm3; percentage of moisture content varied from 3.4 ± 0.2 to 4.2 ± 0.2; ash content varied from 19.6 ± 0.6 to 21.5 ± 0; percentage volatile matter ranged from 19.8 ± 0.3 to 24.3 ± 0.4; and percentage fixed carbon ranged from 51.9 ± 1.1 to 55.3 ± 0.2. The calorific value ranged from 17.7 ± 0.7 to 19.7 ± 0.3 MJ/kg, ignition time 139 to 163 s, and burning rate 0.3 to 0.7 g/min while water boiling time varied from 14 to 19 min and burning time from 85 to 116 min. Ignition test revealed that bioethanol ratio of 15 mL to 56 g of the briquette showed the best briquette ignition characteristics. It was further found that the amount of binder used influenced the combustion properties of the briquettes. This study also showed that charcoal dust could be compacted to briquettes using Manihot glaziovii as a binder. The overall performance of the briquettes showed that 5% binder gave the best results in terms of combustion characteristics.

Keywords

Charcoal dust Manihot glaziovii Briquette binder Bioethanol Ignition 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Water Infrastructure and Sustainable Energy Futures center (WISE-Futures) for supporting this study

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest

Supplementary material

12155_2019_10076_MOESM1_ESM.docx (84 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 84 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Material, Energy Science and EngineeringNelson Mandela African Institution of Science and TechnologyArushaTanzania
  2. 2.Department of Forest Engineering and Wood SciencesSokoine University of AgricultureMorogoroTanzania
  3. 3.Water Infrastructure and Sustainable Energy Futures center of excellenceNelson Mandela African Institution of Science and TechnologyArushaTanzania
  4. 4.Department of Chemical and Forensic SciencesBotswana International University of Science and TechnologyPalapyeBotswana
  5. 5.Department of Physical SciencesSouth Eastern Kenya University90200 KituiKenya

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