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BioEnergy Research

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 492–506 | Cite as

Environmental Technologies of Woody Crop Production Systems

  • Ronald S. ZalesnyJrEmail author
  • John A. Stanturf
  • Emile S. Gardiner
  • Gary S. Bañuelos
  • Richard A. Hallett
  • Amir Hass
  • Craig M. Stange
  • James H. Perdue
  • Timothy M. Young
  • David R. Coyle
  • William L. Headlee
Article

Abstract

Soil erosion, loss of productivity potential, biodiversity loss, water shortage, and soil and water pollution are ongoing processes that decrease or degrade provisioning (e.g., biomass, freshwater) and regulating (e.g., carbon sequestration, soil quality) ecosystem services. Therefore, developing environmental technologies that maximize these services is essential for the continued support of rural and urban populations. Genotype selection is a key component of these technologies, and characteristics of the species used in short rotation woody biomass systems, as well as the silvicultural techniques developed for short rotation woody crops are readily adapted to environmental applications. Here, we describe the development of such woody crop production systems for the advancement of environmental technologies including phytoremediation, urban afforestation, forest restoration, and mine reclamation. The primary goal of these collective efforts is to develop systems and tools that can help to mitigate ecological degradation and thereby sustain healthy ecosystems across the rural to urban continuum.

Keywords

Forest restoration Mine reclamation Populus Phytoremediation Salix Urban afforestation 

Abbreviations

B

Boron

C

Carbon

Cl

Chloride

DDT

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane

EC

Electrical conductivity

FLR

Forest landscape restoration

IAES

Institute for Applied Ecosystem Studies

Mg ha−1 year−1

Megagrams per hectare per year

MSW

Municipal solid waste

Na

Sodium

PAL

Phenylalanine ammonia lyase

PCE

Perchloroethylene

PMLU

Post-mining land use

PPO

Polyphenol oxidase

Se

Selenium

SRWC

Short rotation woody crops

TCE

Trichloroethylene

US

United States

USDA ARS

USDA Agricultural Research Service

USDA FS

USDA Forest Service

VOCs

Volatile organic compounds

Notes

Acknowledgments

The majority of the research described in this paper was supported by the USDA Forest Service and USDA Agricultural Research Service as collaborations associated with the USDA Biomass Research Centers. In addition to agency colleagues, we are grateful to the many external partners who made these collective efforts possible and to the countless number of people who helped us with laboratory, greenhouse, and field work. Furthermore, we thank Dr. Marilyn Buford for her USDA Forest Service leadership, Sue Lietz for producing Fig. 1, Irvin Arroyo for producing Figs. 2 and 3, and Edmund Bauer and Max Piana for reviewing earlier versions of this manuscript.

Supplementary material

12155_2016_9738_MOESM1_ESM.docx (37 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 36 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald S. ZalesnyJr
    • 1
    Email author
  • John A. Stanturf
    • 2
  • Emile S. Gardiner
    • 3
  • Gary S. Bañuelos
    • 4
  • Richard A. Hallett
    • 5
  • Amir Hass
    • 6
  • Craig M. Stange
    • 7
  • James H. Perdue
    • 8
  • Timothy M. Young
    • 9
  • David R. Coyle
    • 10
    • 11
  • William L. Headlee
    • 12
    • 13
  1. 1.USDA Forest Service, Northern Research StationInstitute for Applied Ecosystem StudiesRhinelanderUSA
  2. 2.USDA Forest Service, Southern Research StationCenter for Forest Disturbance ScienceAthensUSA
  3. 3.USDA Forest Service, Southern Research StationCenter for Bottomland Hardwoods ResearchStonevilleUSA
  4. 4.USDA Agricultural Research ServiceWater Management Research UnitParlierUSA
  5. 5.USDA Forest Service, Northern Research StationNew York City Urban Field StationBaysideUSA
  6. 6.Agricultural and Environmental Research StationWest Virginia State UniversityInstituteUSA
  7. 7.USDA Natural Resources Conservation ServiceBismarck Plant Materials CenterBismarckUSA
  8. 8.USDA Forest Service, Southern Research StationForest Products CenterKnoxvilleUSA
  9. 9.Forest Products CenterUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  10. 10.D.B. Warnell School of Forestry and Natural ResourcesUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  11. 11.Southern Regional Extension ForestryAthensUSA
  12. 12.Division of Agriculture, Arkansas Forest Resources CenterUniversity of ArkansasMonticelloUSA
  13. 13.School of Forestry and Natural ResourcesUniversity of Arkansas at MonticelloMonticelloUSA

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