BioEnergy Research

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 384–398 | Cite as

Dedicated Energy Crops and Crop Residues for Bioenergy Feedstocks in the Central and Eastern USA

  • R. B. MitchellEmail author
  • M. R. Schmer
  • W. F. Anderson
  • V. Jin
  • K. S. Balkcom
  • J. Kiniry
  • A. Coffin
  • P. White


Dedicated energy crops and crop residues will meet herbaceous feedstock demands for the new bioeconomy in the Central and Eastern USA. Perennial warm-season grasses and corn stover are well-suited to the eastern half of the USA and provide opportunities for expanding agricultural operations in the region. A suite of warm-season grasses and associated management practices have been developed by researchers from the Agricultural Research Service of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and collaborators associated with USDA Regional Biomass Research Centers. Second generation biofuel feedstocks provide an opportunity to increase the production of transportation fuels from recently fixed plant carbon rather than from fossil fuels. Although there is no “one-size-fits-all” bioenergy feedstock, crop residues like corn (Zea mays L.) stover are the most readily available bioenergy feedstocks. However, on marginally productive cropland, perennial grasses provide a feedstock supply while enhancing ecosystem services. Twenty-five years of research has demonstrated that perennial grasses like switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) are profitable and environmentally sustainable on marginally productive cropland in the western Corn Belt and Southeastern USA.


Big bluestem Bioenergy C4 grasses Corn stover Energycane Miscanthus Napier grass Sorghum Switchgrass 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. B. Mitchell
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. R. Schmer
    • 2
  • W. F. Anderson
    • 3
  • V. Jin
    • 2
  • K. S. Balkcom
    • 4
  • J. Kiniry
    • 5
  • A. Coffin
    • 6
  • P. White
    • 7
  1. 1.USDA/ARS Grain, Forage and Bioenergy Research UnitLincolnUSA
  2. 2.USDA/ARS Agroecosystem Management Research UnitLincolnUSA
  3. 3.USDA/ARS Crop Genetics and Breeding Research UnitTiftonUSA
  4. 4.USDA/ARS National Soil Dynamics LaboratoryAuburnUSA
  5. 5.USDA/ARS Grassland Soil and Water Research LaboratoryTempleUSA
  6. 6.USDA/ARS Southeast Watershed Research UnitTiftonUSA
  7. 7.USDA/ARS Sugarcane Research UnitHoumaUSA

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