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BioEnergy Research

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 507–517 | Cite as

Wood Bioenergy and Soil Productivity Research

  • D. Andrew ScottEmail author
  • Deborah S. Page-Dumroese
Article

Abstract

Timber harvesting can cause both short- and long-term changes in forest ecosystem functions, and scientists from USDA Forest Service (USDA FS) have been studying these processes for many years. Biomass and bioenergy markets alter the amount, type, and frequency at which material is harvested, which in turn has similar yet specific impacts on sustainable productivity. The nature of some biomass energy operations provides opportunities to ameliorate or amend forest soils to sustain or improve their productive capacity, and USDA FS scientists are leading the research into these applications. Research efforts to sustain productive soils need to be verified at regional, national, and international scope, and USDA FS scientists work to advance methods for soil quality monitoring and to inform international criteria and indicators. Current and future USDA FS research ranges from detailed soil process studies to regionally important applied research and to broad scale indicator monitoring and trend analysis, all of which will enable the USA to lead in the sustainable production of woody biomass for bioenergy.

Keywords

Woody biomass Soil productivity Biochar 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors benefited greatly from conversations with Marilyn Buford, who also reviewed earlier drafts of this manuscript. Partial funding was provided by The Agriculture and Food Research Initiative, Biomass Research and Development Initiative, Competitive Grant no. 2010–05325 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, and by the Department of Energy, Biomass and Research and Development Initiative, Competitive Grant no. DE-EE000629.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Alabama A&M UniversityNormalUSA
  2. 2.USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research StationMoscowUSA

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