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BioEnergy Research

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 192–205 | Cite as

Transcriptome and Gene Expression Analysis of an Oleaginous Diatom Under Different Salinity Conditions

  • Ruo-lin Cheng
  • Jia Feng
  • Bing-Xin Zhang
  • Yun Huang
  • Jun Cheng
  • Chuan-Xi ZhangEmail author
Article

Abstract

Diatoms constitute a remarkably diverse and attractive group of microalgae, serving as the main primary producers in many ecosystems and a potential source of renewable biofuel. The enhancement of lipid production in diatoms has been achieved by the optimization of culture conditions, such as temperature, salinity, and nutrient starvation. In this study, we performed Illumina sequencing and the de novo transcriptome assembly of an oleaginous diatom, Nitzschia sp., which produces up to 50 % oil by weight under defined conditions. High-quality reads were assembled into 28,117 isogenes and then subjected to BLAST alignment, Gene Ontology annotation, and KEGG Orthology annotation. The majority of genes and pathways related to cell wall formation and lipid biosynthesis were identified by these analyses. In addition, elevated salinity was found to increase the total lipid content of Nitzschia sp. For a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms regulating this phenomenon, transcriptome profiles under different conditions of salinity were compared to examine how the metabolic flux was channeled to increase the biosynthesis of triacylglycerols. As expected, a subset of genes involved in lipid biosynthesis was up-regulated under salinity stress. Meanwhile, carbon and nitrogen metabolism genes were also significantly affected, indicating a diversion of metabolic pathways. The data we generated here enrich the genomic resources available for non-model algae and provide insights into the mechanisms of lipid accumulation in microalgae.

Keywords

Diatom Differential expression Freshwater Nitzschia Seawater Transcriptome 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This project was supported by the National High Technology R&D Program of China (2012AA050101), National Natural Science Foundation of China (51176163), and Key Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (Z1090532).

Supplementary material

12155_2013_9360_MOESM1_ESM.xls (26 kb)
Table S1 Primers used in qRT-PCR. (XLS 25 kb)
12155_2013_9360_MOESM2_ESM.xls (3.3 mb)
Table S2 Genes differentially expressed under salinity stress. (XLS 3410 kb)
12155_2013_9360_MOESM3_ESM.xls (58 kb)
Table S3 Differentially expressed genes related to C and N metabolism. (XLS 57 kb)
12155_2013_9360_Fig7_ESM.gif (52 kb)
Fig. 1

Sequence length distribution of the Nitzschia sp. transcriptome assembly. (GIF 51 kb)

12155_2013_9360_MOESM4_ESM.tif (59 kb)
High resolution image (TIFF 59 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruo-lin Cheng
    • 1
  • Jia Feng
    • 2
  • Bing-Xin Zhang
    • 1
  • Yun Huang
    • 2
  • Jun Cheng
    • 2
  • Chuan-Xi Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Agriculture and BiotechnologyZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy UtilizationZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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