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Journal of Chemical Biology

, Volume 1, Issue 1–4, pp 63–77 | Cite as

Sterols and membrane dynamics

  • Erick J. DufourcEmail author
Review

Abstract

The effect of sterols from mammals, plants, fungi, and bacteria on model and natural membrane dynamics are reviewed, in the frame of ordering–disordering properties of membranes. It is shown that all sterols share a common property: the ability to regulate dynamics in order to maintain membranes in a microfluid state where it can convey important biological processes. Depending on the sterol class, this property is modulated by molecular modifications that have occurred during evolution. The role of sterols in rafts, antibiotic complexes, and in protecting membranes from the destructive action of amphipathic toxins is also discussed.

Keywords

Cholesterol Alpha-cholesterol Cholesterol palmitate Cholesterol sulphate Cycloartenol Sitosterol Stigmasterol Ergosterol Bacteriohopanetetrol Bacteriohopaneaminotriol Model and natural membranes Membrane rafts Regulating membrane dynamics Solid-ordered Liquid-disordered Liquid ordered Solid state NMR 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UMR 5248 Chemistry and Biology of Membranes and Nanoobjects, CNRS–Université Bordeaux 1–ENITABCNRS Université BordeauxPessacFrance

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