Neuroethics

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 51–64 | Cite as

“A Lot More Bad News for Conservatives, and a Little Bit of Bad News for Liberals? Moral Judgments and the Dark Triad Personality Traits: A Follow-up Study”

Original Paper

Abstract

In a recent study appearing in Neuroethics, I reported observing 11 significant correlations between the “Dark Triad” personality traits – Machiavellianism, Narcissism, and Psychopathy – and “conservative” judgments on a 17-item Moral Intuition Survey. Surprisingly, I observed no significant correlations between the Dark Triad and “liberal” judgments. In order to determine whether these results were an artifact of the particular issues I selected, I ran a follow-up study testing the Dark Triad against conservative and liberal judgments on 15 additional moral issues. The new issues examined include illegal immigration, abortion, the teaching of “intelligent design” in public schools, the use of waterboarding and other “enhanced interrogation techniques” in the war on terrorism, laws defining marriage as the union of one man and one woman, and environmentalism. 1154 participants (680 male, 472 female; median age 29), recruited online through Amazon Mechanical Turk, completed three surveys: a 15-item Moral Intuition Survey (MIS), the 28-item Short Dark Triad personality inventory, and a five-item demographic survey. The results strongly reinforce my earlier findings. Twenty-two significant correlations were observed between “conservative” judgments and the Dark Triad (all of which were significant past a Bonferonni-corrected significance threshold of p = .0008), compared to seven significant correlations between Dark Triad and “liberal” judgments (only one of which was significant past p = .0008). This article concludes by developing a novel research proposal for determining whether the results of my two studies are “bad news” for conservatives or liberals.

Keywords

Personality Morality Psychopathy Narcissism Machiavellianism 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Neil Levy and an anonymous reviewer at Neuroethics for their very helpful comments.

References

  1. 1.
    Arvan, Marcus (in press). “Bad News for Conservatives? Moral Judgments and the Dark Triad Personality Traits,” Neuroethics (available Online First at: http://www.springerlink.com/content/k86q25k2278188gw/).
  2. 2.
    Paulhus, D.L., and D.N. Jones 2011. Introducing a short measure of the Dark Triad. Presented at the meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Himmelstein, J.L. 1990. To the right: The transformation of American conservatism. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kerlinger, Fred Nichols. 1984. Liberalism and conservatism: The nature and structure of social attitudes. Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc Inc.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Smith, K.B., D. Oxley, M. V. Hibbing, J. R. Alford, and J. R. Hibbing. 2009. “The Ick Factor: Disgust Sensitivity as a Predictor of Political Attitudes” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. Online <PDF>. 2011-06 07 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p362242_index.html.
  6. 6.
    Wilson, G.D., and J.R. Patterson. 1968. A new measure of conservatism. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 7: 264–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Williams, K., A. McAndrew, T. Learn, P. Harms, & D.L. Paulhus. 2001. Dark Personalities: Anti-social behavior and entertainment preferences. Presented at meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Williams, K.M., D.L. Paulhus, and R.D. Hare. 2007. The four facet structure of psychopathy in non-forensic samples. Journal of Personality Assessment 88: 118–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cohen, Jacob. 1988. Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (second ed.). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Philosophy & ReligionUniversity of TampaTampaUSA

Personalised recommendations