Preclinical evaluation of isostructural Tc-99m- and Re-188-folate-Gly-Gly-Cys-Glu for folate receptor-positive tumor targeting
- 390 Downloads
The purpose of the present study was to prepare isostructural Tc-99m- and Re-188-folate-Gly-Gly-Cys-Glu (folate-GGCE), and to evaluate the feasibility of their use for folate receptor (FR)-targeted molecular imaging and as theranostic agents in a mouse tumor model.
Folate-GGCE was synthesized using solid-phase peptide synthesis and radiolabeled with Tc-99m or Re-188. Radiochemical characterization was performed by radio-high-performance liquid chromatography. The biodistribution of Tc-99m-folate-GGCE was studied, with or without co-injection of excess free folate, in mice bearing both FR-positive (KB cell) and FR-negative (HT1080 cell) tumors. Biodistribution of Re-188-folate-GGCE was studied in mice bearing KB tumors. Serial planar scintigraphy was performed in the dual tumor mouse model after intravenous injection of Tc-99m-folate-GGCE. Serial micro-single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) studies were performed, with or without co-injection of excess free folate, in the mouse tumor model after injection of Tc-99m-folate-GGCE or Re-188-folate-GGCE.
The radiolabeling efficiency and radiochemical stability of Tc-99m- and Re-188-folate-GGCE were more than 95 % for up to 4 h after radiolabeling. Uptake of Tc-99m-folate-GGCE at 1, 2, and 4 h after injection in KB tumor was 16.4, 23.2, and 17.6 % injected dose per gram (%ID/g), respectively. This uptake was suppressed by 97.4 % when excess free folate was co-administered. Tumor:normal organ ratios at 4 h for blood, liver, lung, muscle, and kidney were 54.3, 25.2, 38.3, 97.8, and 0.3, respectively. Tumor uptake of Re-188-folate-GGCE at 2, 4, 8, and 16 h after injection was 17.4, 21.7, 24.1, and 15.6 %ID/g, respectively. Tumor:normal organ ratios at 8 h for blood, liver, lung, muscle, and kidney were 126.8, 21.9, 54.8, 80.3, and 0.4, respectively. KB tumors were clearly visualized at a high intensity using serial scintigraphy and micro-SPECT/CT in mice injected with Tc-99m- or Re-188-folate-GGCE. The tumor uptake of these molecules was completely suppressed when excess free folate was co-administered.
Isostructural Tc-99m- and Re-188-folate-GGCE showed high and FR-specific uptake by tumors and generally favorable tumor:normal organ ratios. The tumor targeting capabilities of Tc-99m- and Re-188-folate-GGCE were clearly evident on serial imaging studies. This isostructural pair may have potential diagnostic and theranostic applications for FR-positive tumors.
KeywordsFolate receptor Tumor Tc-99m Re-188 SPECT/CT
This study was supported by Wonkwang University in 2014.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
No potential conflicts of interest were disclosed.
- 13.Morris RT, Joyrich RN, Naumann RW, Shah NP, Maurer AH, Strauss HW, et al. Phase II study of treatment of advanced ovarian cancer with folate-receptor-targeted therapeutic (vintafolide) and companion SPECT-based imaging agent (99mTc-etarfolatide). Ann Oncol. 2014;25:852–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar