18F-fluoromisonidazole positron emission tomography before treatment is a predictor of radiotherapy outcome and survival prognosis in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
- First Online:
To evaluate the usefulness of [18F]fluoromisonidazole ([18F]FMISO)-positron emission tomography (PET) prior to the treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
Seventeen patients with untreated HNSCC underwent pretreatment [18F]FMISO PET. Six of them underwent definitive surgery and the remaining 11 definitive (chemo-)radiotherapy. We evaluated 30 lesions from the 17 patients. SUVmax and tumor-to-muscle ratios (TMR) were measured as hypoxia indicators. Tumors equal to or above the median value were defined as tumor with high uptake of [18F]FMISO and those below as tumor with low uptake of [18F]FMISO in both indicators. Local control rates with radiotherapy, event-free survival and disease-specific survival (DSS) rates with radiotherapy or operation were compared.
[18F]FMISO-PET imaging of 30 lesions resulted in a SUVmax median value of 2.3 and a TMR median value of 1.3. Local control rates with radiotherapy (20-month median follow-up duration) were significantly lower in the tumor group with high uptake of [18F]FMISO compared to the tumor group with low uptake of [18F]FMISO using either SUVmax or TMR as the hypoxic indicator (P = 0.02 and 0.04, respectively). DSS rate with radiotherapy or operation (21-month median follow-up duration) was significantly lower in the patient group with high uptake of [18F]FMISO compared to the patient group with low uptake of [18F]FMISO defined by SUVmax (P = 0.04), but was not by TMR (P = 0.57).
Radiotherapy outcome and survival prognosis (radiotherapy or operation) in HNSCC may be predicted by carrying out [18F]FMISO PET before treatment.
Keywords[18F]fluoromisonidazole ([18F]FMISO) Positron emission tomography (PET) Hypoxia Head and neck cancer Prediction of prognosis
- 2.Piert M. Hypoxia Imaging. In: Wahl RL, editor. Principles and practice of PET and PET/CT. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2009. p. 464–71.Google Scholar
- 24.Gagel B, Piroth M, Pinkawa M, Reinartz P, Zimny M, Kaiser HJ, et al. pO polarography, contrast enhanced color duplex sonography (CDS), [18F] fluoromisonidazole and [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography: validated methods for the evaluation of therapy-relevant tumor oxygenation or only bricks in the puzzle of tumor hypoxia? BMC Cancer. 2007;7:113.Google Scholar
- 25.Gagel B, Reinartz P, Demirel C, Kaiser HJ, Zimny M, Piroth M, et al. [18F] fluoromisonidazole and [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in response evaluation after chemo-/radiotherapy of non-small-cell lung cancer: a feasibility study. BMC Cancer. 2006;6:51.Google Scholar
- 28.Spence AM, Muzi M, Swanson KR, O’Sullivan F, Rockhill JK, Rajendran JG, et al. Regional hypoxia in glioblastoma multiforme quantified with [18F]fluoromisonidazole positron emission tomography before radiotherapy: correlation with time to progression and survival. Clin Cancer Res. 2008;14:2623–30.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar