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Annals of Nuclear Medicine

, 25:566 | Cite as

Predictive and prognostic values of transient ischemic dilatation of left ventricular cavity for coronary artery disease and impact of various managements on clinical outcome using technetium-99m sestamibi gated myocardial perfusion imaging

  • Maseeh uz ZamanEmail author
  • Nosheen Fatima
  • Abdus Samad
  • Mohammad Ishaq
  • Asif Wali
  • Kawish Rehman
  • Javeria Bano
Original article

Abstract

Background

Transient ischemic dilatation (TID) of LV cavity during stress gated myocardial perfusion imaging (GMPI) is known as a predictor of severe CAD and signifies worse prognosis.

Objectives

To assess predictive and prognostic value of TID of LV cavity using GMPI and clinical outcome in patients treated conservatively or with revascularization.

Methods

189 patients out of 2689 were recruited (M:F 127/62, mean age 56 ± 9 years) whose same-day stress GMPI revealed TID ratio (>1.22) with no (sum stress score, SSS < 2) or reversible perfusion defects (sum difference score, SDS > 2). Coronary angiography (CA) was performed within 3 months in 125/189 cases who were followed for mean period of 18 ± 4 months for fatal or non-fatal MI.

Results

CA was positive in 121/125 patients with TID for significant CAD (LAD = 11, multi vessel disease = 110 patients, positive predictive value 95%) and negative for obstructive disease in 4/125 (false-positive cases). 41/121 underwent revascularization within 2 months of CA (Intervention group), and remaining 80/121 were managed conservatively (Non-Intervention group). Overall event rate was 20% (4/16%: fatal/non-fatal MIs). Kaplan–Meier survival curves revealed event-free survival in Intervention and Non-Intervention groups for fatal MI 98/96% (P = 0.758), and for non-fatal MI, it was 97/58%, respectively (P = 0.042).

Conclusion

We conclude that TID is a reliable predictor of multi vessel CAD and is associated with high incidence of non-fatal MIs than fatal MIs. Revascularization (PCI/CABG) rather than medical treatment should be considered in patients with TID for better clinical outcome.

Keywords

TID Positive predictive value Gated SPECT Clinical outcome 

Notes

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maseeh uz Zaman
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nosheen Fatima
    • 1
    • 3
  • Abdus Samad
    • 1
  • Mohammad Ishaq
    • 1
  • Asif Wali
    • 1
  • Kawish Rehman
    • 1
    • 3
  • Javeria Bano
    • 1
  1. 1.Karachi Institute of Heart Diseases (KIHD)KarachiPakistan
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyThe Agha Khan University Hospital (AKUH)KarachiPakistan
  3. 3.Karachi Institute of Radiotherapy and Nuclear MedicineKarachiPakistan

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