Annals of Nuclear Medicine

, Volume 22, Issue 10, pp 841–847

Adenosine A1 receptors using 8-dicyclopropylmethyl-1-[11C]methyl-3-propylxanthine PET in Alzheimer’s disease

  • Nobuyoshi Fukumitsu
  • Kenji Ishii
  • Yuichi Kimura
  • Keiichi Oda
  • Masaya Hashimoto
  • Masahiko Suzuki
  • Kiichi Ishiwata
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12149-008-0185-5

Cite this article as:
Fukumitsu, N., Ishii, K., Kimura, Y. et al. Ann Nucl Med (2008) 22: 841. doi:10.1007/s12149-008-0185-5

Abstract

Objective

Adenosine is an endogenous modulator of synaptic functions in the central nervous system. The effects of adenosine are mediated by at least four adenosine receptor subtypes. Decreased density of adenosine A1 receptors, which is a major subtype adenosine receptor in the hippocampus, has been reported in vitro in Alzheimer’s disease. We evaluated adenosine A1 receptor in the brain of elderly normal subjects and patients with Alzheimer’s disease (n = 8 and 6, respectively), using positron emission tomography (PET) and 8- dicyclopropylmethyl-1-[11C]methyl-3-propylxanthine ([11C]MPDX).

Methods

A 60-min PET scan with [11C]MPDX was performed. The patients with Alzheimer’s disease also underwent PET with [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). The binding potential of [11C]MPDX was quantitatively calculated in the regions of interest (ROIs) placed on the frontal, medial frontal, temporal, medial temporal, parietal, and occipital cortices, striatum, thalamus, cerebellum, and pons. Statistical parametric mapping (SPM2) was used for analysis of [11C]MPDX and FDG-PET.

Results

In the ROI-based analysis, the binding potential of [11C]MPDX in patients with Alzheimer’s disease was significantly lower in the temporal and medial temporal cortices and thalamus than that in elderly normal subjects (P = 0.038, 0.028, and 0.039, respectively). SPM analysis also showed significant decreased binding potential in the temporal and medial temporal cortices and thalamus in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. FDG uptake was significantly decreased in the temporoparietal cortex and posterior cingulate gyrus.

Conclusions

Decreased binding of [11C]MPDX in patients with Alzheimer’s disease was detected in temporal and medial temporal cortices and thalamus. This pattern possibly differed from the hypometabolism pattern of FDG. [11C]MPDX PET is valuable for the detection of degeneration in the temporal and medial temporal cortices and corticothalamic transmission, and may provide a different diagnostic tool from FDG-PET in brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease.

Keywords

[11C]MPDX Adenosine A1 receptor Medial temporal cortex Positron emission tomography Alzheimer’s disease 

Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nobuyoshi Fukumitsu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Kenji Ishii
    • 3
  • Yuichi Kimura
    • 3
  • Keiichi Oda
    • 3
  • Masaya Hashimoto
    • 4
  • Masahiko Suzuki
    • 4
  • Kiichi Ishiwata
    • 3
  1. 1.ChibaJapan
  2. 2.Proton Medical Research CenterUniversity of TsukubaIbarakiJapan
  3. 3.Positron Medical CenterTokyo Metropolitan Institute of GerontologyTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Department of NeurologyJikei University School of MedicineTokyoJapan

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