Gender Issues

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 87–101

Jocks, nerds, babes and thugs: A research note on regional differences in adolescent gender norms

Articles

Abstract

We use data from 1,755 college students to explore regional differences in adolescent gender norms. Students attending four Northern universities and three Southern universities during the 1997–1998 academic year provided information on the ways that adolescents in their high schools had gained prestige with peers. The analyses revealed significant gender differences on fourteen of the fifteen most common avenues to prestige. Leading avenues to prestige for boys—sports, grades, and intelligence—did not vary by region. Leading avenues to prestige for girls—physical attractiveness, grades, and intelligence—also did not vary by region. However, consistent with the stronger emphasis on traditional moral views generally found in the South than the North, regional differences were found for several other avenues to prestige.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barron Publishing. 1996. Barron's Profiles in American Colleges. Hauppague, NY: Barron's Educational Series, Inc.Google Scholar
  2. Bruce, Dickson D., Jr. 1979. Violence and Culture in the Antebellum South. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  3. Canaan, J.E. (1990). “Passing Notes and Telling Jokes: Gendered Strategies among American Middle School Teenagers.” In F. Ginsburg & A. L. Tsing, (Eds.), Uncertain Terms: Negotiating in American Culture. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  4. Cass, Melissa, and Julia Cass-Liepmann. 1994. Cass and Birnbaus's Guide to American Colleges. New York: Harper Perennial.Google Scholar
  5. Coleman, James S. 1961. The Adolescent Society. NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
  6. Dixon, Jo, and Alan J. Lizotte. 1987. “Gun Ownership and the ‘Southern Subculture of Violence’.” American Journal of Sociology 93:383–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Eckert, P. 1989. Jocks and Burnouts: Social Categories and Identity in the High School. New York: Teachers College.Google Scholar
  8. Eder, Donna. 1985. “The Cycle of Popularity: Interpersonal Relations among Female Adolescents.” Sociology of Education 58:154–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Eder, Donna and Stephen Parker. 1987. “The Cultural Production and Reproduction of Gender: The Effect of Extracurricular Activities on Peer-Group Culture.” Sociology of Education 60:200–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Eicher, J.B., Baizerman, S., and Michelman, J. 1991. “Adolescent Dress, Part II: a Qualitative Study of Suburban High School Students.” Adolescence 26:679–686.Google Scholar
  11. Falk, William W., and Larry Griffin. 1997. “Is the South Still Worth Studying?.” The Southern Sociologist 29:1,3.Google Scholar
  12. Flynn, Clifton P. 1996. “Regional Differences in Spanking Experiences and Attitudes: A Comparison of Northeastern and Southern College Students.” Journal of Family Violence 11:59–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Foley, D.E. 1990. “The Great American Football Ritual: Reproducing Race, Class, and Gender Inequality.” Sociology of Sport Journal 7:111–135.Google Scholar
  14. Hurlbert, Jeanne S. 1989. “The Southern Region: A Test of the Hypothesis of Cultural Distinctiveness.” The Sociological Quarterly 30:245–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kane, M.J. 1988. “The Female Athletic Role as a Status Determinant Within the Social Systems of High School Adolescents.” Adolescence 23:253–264.Google Scholar
  16. Kinney, David A. 1993. “From Nerds to Normals: The Recovery of Identity among Adolescents from Middle School to High School.” Sociology of Education 66:21–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Malek, Marvin K., Bei-Hung Chang, and Terry C. Davis. 1998. “Fighting and Weapon-Carrying Among Seventh-Grade Students in Massachusetts and Louisiana.” Journal of Adolescent Health 2:94–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Marco, G.L., A.A. Abdel-fattah, and P.A. Baron. 1996. Methods Used to Establish Score Comparability on the Enhanced ACT Assessment and the SAT. College Board Report (No. 92-3).Google Scholar
  19. Matteo, Sherri. 1986. “The Effect of Sex and Gender-Schematic Processing on Sport Participation.” Sex Roles 15:417–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nisbett, Richard E. 1993. “Violence and U.S. Regional Culture.” American Psychologist 48:441–449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nisbett, Richard, and Dov Cohen. 1996. Culture of Honor: The Psychology of Violence in the South. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  22. Peterson Publishing. 1997. Peterson's Annual Guide to Undergraduate Study. Princeton, NJ: Peterson's.Google Scholar
  23. Rand McNally. 1997. Rand McNally Commercial Atlas and Marketing Guide. Chicago, IL: Rand McNally.Google Scholar
  24. Reed, John Shelton. 1972. The Enduring South: Cultural Persistence in Mass Society. Chapel Hill, NC: Univ. of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  25. Reed, John Shelton. 1993. Surveying the South. Columbia, Missouri: Univ. of Missouri Press.Google Scholar
  26. Suitor, J. Jill, and Rebel Reavis. 1995. “Football, Fast Cars, and Cheerleading: Adolescent Gender Norms, 1978–1989.” Adolescence 30:265–272.Google Scholar
  27. The American South: For Whom the Belle Tolls. 1994. The Economist, December 10:3–18.Google Scholar
  28. Twenge, Jean M. 1997. “Attitudes Toward Women 1970–1995: A Meta-Analysis.” Psychology of Women Quarterly 21:35–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1994. County and City Data Book. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  30. U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1997. Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1997. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  31. Williams, J. M., and White, K. A. 1983. “Adolescent Status Systems for Males and Females at Three Age Levels.” Adolescence 70:381–389.Google Scholar
  32. Young, Robert L. 1986. “Gender, Region of Socialization, and Ownership of Protective Firearms.” Rural Sociology 51:169–182.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Transaction Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyLouisiana State UniversityBaton Rouge

Personalised recommendations