Globalisation and Female Economic Participation in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Simplice A. AsonguEmail author
  • Uchenna R. Efobi
  • Belmondo V. Tanankem
  • Evans S. Osabuohien
Original Article


This study assesses the relationship between globalisation and the economic participation of women (EPW) in 47 Sub-Saharan African countries for the period 1990–2013. EPW is measured with the female labour force participation and employment rates. The empirical evidence is based on panel-corrected standard errors and fixed effects regressions. The findings show that the positive effect of the overall globalisation index on EPW is dampened by its political component and driven by its economic and social components, with a higher positive magnitude from the former or economic globalisation. For the most part, the findings are robust to the control for several structural and institutional characteristics. An extended analysis by unbundling globalisation shows that the positive incidence of social globalisation is driven by information flow (compared to personal contact and cultural proximity) while the positive effect of economic globalisation is driven by actual flows (relative to restrictions). Policy implications are discussed with some emphasis on how to elevate women’s social status and potentially reduce their victimisation to male dominance.


Globalisation Female Gender Inequality Inclusive development Labour force participation Africa 

JEL Classification

E60 F40 F59 D60 O55 



The authors appreciate to the editor and reviewers for the helpful comments.

Authors’ Contribution

SAA participated in the writing of the manuscript and data analysis. URF participated in the writing of the manuscript and data analysis. BVT participated in the writing of the manuscript and data analysis. ESO participated in the revision of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no financial nor non-financial competing interests.

Availability of Supporting Data

The data for this paper is available upon request.

Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the authors.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Simplice A. Asongu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Uchenna R. Efobi
    • 2
  • Belmondo V. Tanankem
    • 3
  • Evans S. Osabuohien
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of South Africa (UNISA)PretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Economics and Development Studies, Centre for Economic Policy and Development Research (CEPDeR)Covenant UniversityOtaNigeria
  3. 3.Department of Analysis and Economic PoliciesMinistry of Economy, Planning and Regional Development – CameroonYaoundéCameroon

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