Globalisation and Female Economic Participation in Sub-Saharan Africa
This study assesses the relationship between globalisation and the economic participation of women (EPW) in 47 Sub-Saharan African countries for the period 1990–2013. EPW is measured with the female labour force participation and employment rates. The empirical evidence is based on panel-corrected standard errors and fixed effects regressions. The findings show that the positive effect of the overall globalisation index on EPW is dampened by its political component and driven by its economic and social components, with a higher positive magnitude from the former or economic globalisation. For the most part, the findings are robust to the control for several structural and institutional characteristics. An extended analysis by unbundling globalisation shows that the positive incidence of social globalisation is driven by information flow (compared to personal contact and cultural proximity) while the positive effect of economic globalisation is driven by actual flows (relative to restrictions). Policy implications are discussed with some emphasis on how to elevate women’s social status and potentially reduce their victimisation to male dominance.
KeywordsGlobalisation Female Gender Inequality Inclusive development Labour force participation Africa
JEL ClassificationE60 F40 F59 D60 O55
The authors appreciate to the editor and reviewers for the helpful comments.
SAA participated in the writing of the manuscript and data analysis. URF participated in the writing of the manuscript and data analysis. BVT participated in the writing of the manuscript and data analysis. ESO participated in the revision of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no financial nor non-financial competing interests.
Availability of Supporting Data
The data for this paper is available upon request.
Human and Animal Rights
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the authors.
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