Gender Issues

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 3–30 | Cite as

International adopters and their children: Birth culture ties

  • Patricia Hanigan Scroggs
  • Heather Heitfield


This study explores parents’ attitudes toward helping their internationally adopted children develop an appreciation for the cultures of the children’s birth countries and surveys the culture-related activities in which they and their children engage. While most parents believed their child’s primary attachment should be to American culture, they accorded great importance to their child forming ties to his/her birth culture. Both the adopted child’s region of origin and the parent’s gender had an impact on attitudes and activities. Parents who adopted from Asia and mothers generally accorded greater importance to and participated more frequently in cultural activities with their children than parents who adopted from Europe and fathers.


Ethnic Identity Gender Issue Adoptive Parent Adopted Child Asian Child 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patricia Hanigan Scroggs
  • Heather Heitfield
    • 1
  1. 1.American University’s School of Public Affairs in Washington, D.C.USA

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