Current Psychology

, Volume 17, Issue 2–3, pp 163–169 | Cite as

Adaptive and maladaptive narcissism among university faculty, clergy, politicians, and librarians

  • Robert W. Hill
  • Gregory P. Yousey


Some adaptive narcissistic characteristics may be prevalent in individuals in occupa-tions that involve leadership or authority, provide social attention and prestige, or require a confident social presentation. The present study investigated the expectation that narcissistic characteristics would be more prevalent in higher status occupations involving frequent opportunities for attention and admiration from others. Of four occupations sampled, politicians scored highest in total narcissism, as well as in leadership and authority; university faculty and librarians did not score particularly high or low on any narcissism indices; and clergy were lowest in exploitativeness and entitlement, which represent the more maladaptive aspects of narcissism. The results were discussed with respect to Holland's (1985) classification of vocational personali-ties.


Current Psychology Social Attention Frequent Opportunity Narcissistic Personality Inventory Maladaptive Narcissism 
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Copyright information

© Transaction Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert W. Hill
    • 1
  • Gregory P. Yousey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyAppalachian State University, College of Arts and ScienceBooneNC

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