Adaptive and maladaptive narcissism among university faculty, clergy, politicians, and librarians
- 739 Downloads
Some adaptive narcissistic characteristics may be prevalent in individuals in occupa-tions that involve leadership or authority, provide social attention and prestige, or require a confident social presentation. The present study investigated the expectation that narcissistic characteristics would be more prevalent in higher status occupations involving frequent opportunities for attention and admiration from others. Of four occupations sampled, politicians scored highest in total narcissism, as well as in leadership and authority; university faculty and librarians did not score particularly high or low on any narcissism indices; and clergy were lowest in exploitativeness and entitlement, which represent the more maladaptive aspects of narcissism. The results were discussed with respect to Holland's (1985) classification of vocational personali-ties.
KeywordsCurrent Psychology Social Attention Frequent Opportunity Narcissistic Personality Inventory Maladaptive Narcissism
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- American Psychiatric Association (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington, D.C.: Author.Google Scholar
- American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, D.C.: Author.Google Scholar
- Carroll, L. (1987). A study of narcissism, affiliation, intimacy, and power motives among students in business administration. Psychological Reports, 61, 355–358.Google Scholar
- Hill, R. W. and McFerren, B. P. (1995). Narcissism and a need for approval and admiration. Presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Savannah, GA.Google Scholar
- Holland, J. L. (1985). Making vocational choices: A theory of vocational personalities and work environments (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Meyers, I. B. and McCaully, M. H. (1985). Manual: A guide to the development and use of the Meyers-Briggs Type Indicator. CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.Google Scholar