Needs and Facebook addiction: How important are psychological well-being and performance-approach goals?

  • Nagaletchimee Annamalai
  • Behzad ForoughiEmail author
  • Mohammad Iranmanesh
  • Setthapoom Buathong


Previous studies have highlighted the negative effect of Facebook addiction on students’ academic performance. The aim of the current research was to explore the effects of students’ needs on Facebook addiction by considering the moderating effect of psychological well-being. Moreover, the moderating effect of performance-approach goals on the relationship between Facebook addiction and academic performance was explored. A total of 343 university students from Thailand were recruited to participate in this study. The hypothesized model was analysed using the Partial Least Squares technique. The results demonstrate that the effects of social and entertainment needs on Facebook addiction were significant, while recognition and information needs had no effect on Facebook addiction. The results provide evidence of the moderating effect of psychological well-being on the relationship between entertainment needs and Facebook addiction. The findings also revealed that Facebook addiction has a negative association with academic performance and that performance-approach goals positively moderate this relationship. Our findings contribute to the literature on Facebook addiction by testing the moderating effects of psychological well-being and performance-approach goals.


Social and psychological needs Facebook addiction Academic performance Psychological well-being Performance-approach goals 


Funding information

The research reported in this article was funded by Thammasat University, External Grant, 304 /PJJAUH /650988 /T143.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Distance EducationUniversiti Sains Malaysia (USM)PenangMalaysia
  2. 2.Graduate School of BusinessUniversiti Sains Malaysia (USM)PenangMalaysia
  3. 3.School of Business and LawEdith Cowan UniversityPerth, WA 6027Australia
  4. 4.Puey Ungphakorn School of Development StudiesThammasat UniversityRangsitThailand

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