The Mediating Role of Mindfulness in the Relationship between Self-Efficacy and Early Maladaptive Schemas among University Students

  • Zohreh HosseinzadehEmail author
  • Masomeh Sayadi
  • Nima Orazani


The present research aims to explain the mediating role of mindfulness in the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and self-efficacy among the students of Tehran University in Tehran, Iran (n = 306). The General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE, Sherer et al. Psychological Reports, 51(2), 663-6711982), the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ, Baer et al. Assessment, 13(1), 27-452006) and the Early Maladaptive Schemas Questionnaire-Short Form (EMSQ-SF, Young 1994) were used for collecting the data. The results of the path analysis revealed that mindfulness mediates the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and self-efficacy. Given the role of mindfulness in increasing self-efficacy and reducing early maladaptive schemas, mindfulness training interventions are recommended to be used for reducing the destructive effects of early maladaptive schemas and increasing self-efficacy.


Mindfulness Early maladaptive schemas Self-efficacy 



No research grants were received from any company.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

This study was conducted with the approval of the Committee on Research Ethics of the University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all the participants of the study.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Imam Khomeini International UniversityQazvinIran
  2. 2.Tehran universityTehranIran
  3. 3.Carleton UniversityOttawaCanada

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