The interactional effect between employees’ perceived materialistic rewards and marital status on attitudinal and behavioral outcomes: An empirical investigation
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This study investigates whether the degree of materialistic rewards perceived by employees leads to creative behavior for organizational change, and identifies possible mechanisms, focusing on normative change commitment. We tested the hypothesis that the relationship between material compensation provided by an organization and employees’ normative change commitment varies depending on marital status. We conducted surveys at two different times and collected multi-sourced data in an organization that was undergoing large-scale organizational change. Specifically, 237 employees completed a self-report questionnaire that measured the level of their perceived materialistic rewards; this was followed by a second-round questionnaire to measure the employees’ normative change commitment. In the second round, we asked the team leaders of the respondents to evaluate their employees’ creative behavior toward change. As a result, we verified that employees’ normative change commitment has a mediating effect on the relationship between their perceived materialistic rewards and their creative behavior toward change. We also found that the marital status of employees is an important moderating variable in the relationship between the employees’ perceived materialistic rewards and their normative change commitment.
KeywordsPerceived materialistic rewards Marital status Normative change commitment Creative behavior toward change
This work was supported by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2016S1A5A2A02926799).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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