Advertisement

Partner phubbing and relationship satisfaction: Self-esteem and marital status as moderators

  • Xingchao Wang
  • Fengqing Zhao
  • Li LeiEmail author
Article

Abstract

The current study investigated the moderating effects of self-esteem and marital status on the association between partner phubbing and relationship satisfaction. Four hundred and twenty-nine Chinese adults completed the measures of partner phubbing, relationship satisfaction, self-esteem, and marital status. The findings revealed that partner phubbing was not significantly associated with relationship satisfaction. However, self-esteem moderated the association between partner phubbing and relationship satisfaction. More specifically, for high self-esteem adults, partner phubbing was significantly associated with relationship satisfaction. In contrast, for adults with low levels of self-esteem, this association became nonsignificant. The association between partner phubbing and relationship satisfaction was also moderated by marital status, which showed that the significant relation between partner phubbing and relationship satisfaction only existed among married adults.

Keywords

Partner phubbing Relationship satisfaction Self-esteem Marital status 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The present study was supported by the Key Research Institute in Humanities and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education (Academy of Psychology and Behavior, Tianjin Normal University) (14JJD190005).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Conflict of Interests

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

References

  1. Ackerman, R. A., Witt, E. A., Donnellan, M. B., Trzesniewski, K. H., Robins, R. W., & Kashy, D. A. (2011). What does the narcissistic personality inventory really measure? Assessment, 18(1), 67–87.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahlstrom, M., Lundberg, N. R., Zabriskie, R., Eggett, D., & Lindsay, G. B. (2012). Me, my spouse, and my avatar: The relationship between marital satisfaction and playing massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs). Journal of Leisure Research, 44(1), 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bradbury, T. N., & Lavner, J. A. (2012). How can we improve preventive and educational interventions for intimate relationships? Behavior Therapy, 43(1), 113–122.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Chotpitayasunondh, V., & Douglas, K. M. (2016). How “phubbing” becomes the norm: The antecedents and consequences of snubbing via smartphone. Computers in Human Behavior, 63, 9–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cizmeci, E. (2017). Disconnected, though satisfied: Pphubbing behavior and relationship satisfaction. The Turkish Online Journal of Design, Art and Communication, 7(2), 364–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Clayton, R. B. (2014). The third wheel: The impact of twitter use on relationship infidelity and divorce. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 17(7), 425–430.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Coyne, S. M., Stockdale, L., Busby, D., Iverson, B., & Grant, D. M. (2011). I luv u :)! : A descriptive study of the media use of individuals in romantic relationships. Family Relations, 60(2), 150–162.Google Scholar
  8. Cramer, D. (2003). Acceptance and need for approval as moderators of self-esteem and satisfaction with a romantic relationship or closest friendship. The Journal of Psychology, 137(5), 495–505.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Denzin, N. K. (1992). Symbolic interactionism and cultural studies: The politics of interpretation. Cambridge: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  10. Ellis, P. D. (2010). The essential guide to effect sizes: Statistical power, meta-analysis, and the interpretation of research results. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Erol, R. Y., & Orth, U. (2013). Actor and partner effects of self-esteem on relationship satisfaction and the mediating role of secure attachment between the partners. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(1), 26–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Erol, R. Y., & Orth, U. (2014). Development of self-esteem and relationship satisfaction in couples: Two longitudinal studies. Developmental Psychology, 50(9), 2291–2303.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Erol, R. Y., & Orth, U. (2016). Self-esteem and the quality of romantic relationships. European Psychologist, 21(4), 274–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fincham, F. D., & Bradbury, T. N. (1993). Marital satisfaction, depression, and attributions: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64(3), 442–452.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Goodman-Deane, J., Mieczakowski, A., Johnson, D., Goldhaber, T., & Clarkson, P. J. (2016). The impact of communication technologies on life and relationship satisfaction. Computers in Human Behavior, 57, 219–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hall, J. A., Baym, N. K., & Miltner, K. M. (2014). Put down that phone and talk to me: Understanding the roles of mobile phone norm adherence and similarity in relationships. Mobile Media & Communication, 2(2), 134–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Halpern, D., & Katz, J. E. (2017). Texting's consequences for romantic relationships: A cross-lagged analysis highlights its risks. Computers in Human Behavior, 71, 386–394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Johnson, M. D., & Galambos, N. L. (2014). Paths to intimate relationship quality from parent-adolescent relations and mental health. Journal of Marriage and Family, 76(1), 145–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Karney, B. R., & Bradbury, T. N. (1995). The longitudinal course of marital quality and stability: A review of theory, method, and research. Psychological Bulletin, 118(1), 3–34.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Kong, F., Wang, X., & Zhao, J. (2014). Dispositional mindfulness and life satisfaction: The role of core self-evaluations. Personality and Individual Differences, 56, 165–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Krasnova, H., Abramova, O., Notter, I., & Baumann, A. (2016). Why phubbing is toxic for your relationship: Understanding the role of smartphone jealousy among "Generation Y" users (Unpublished). Paper presented at the In: 24th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS).Google Scholar
  22. Kraut, R., Patterson, M., Lundmark, V., Kiesler, S., Mukopadhyay, T., & Scherlis, W. (1998). Internet paradox: A social technology that reduces social involvement and psychological well being? American Psychologist, 53(9), 1017–1031.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kross, E., Verduyn, P., Demiralp, E., Park, J., Lee, D. S., Lin, N., Shablack, H., Jonides, J., & Ybarra, O. (2013). Facebook use predicts declines in subjective well-being in young adults. PLoS One, 8(8), e69841.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. Lepp, A., Li, J., Barkley, J. E., & Salehi-Esfahani, S. (2015). Exploring the relationships between college students’ cell phone use, personality and leisure. Computers in Human Behavior, 43, 210–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lian, L., You, X., Huang, J., & Yang, R. (2016). Who overuses smartphones? Roles of virtues and parenting style in smartphone addiction among Chinese college students. Computers in Human Behavior, 65, 92–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. McDaniel, B. T., & Coyne, S. M. (2016). “Technoference”: The interference of technology in couple relationships and implications for women’s personal and relational well-being. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 5(1), 85–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. McDaniel, B. T., Drouin, M., & Cravens, J. D. (2017). Do you have anything to hide? Infidelity-related behaviors on social media sites and marital satisfaction. Computers in Human Behavior, 66, 88–95.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. McNulty, J. K., & Karney, B. R. (2002). Expectancy confirmation in appraisals of marital interactions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(6), 764–775.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Meyerson, P., & Tryon, W. W. (2003). Validating internet research: A test of the psychometric equivalence of internet and in-person samples. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 35(4), 614–620.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Murray, S. L., Holmes, J. G., & Griffin, D. W. (1996a). The benefits of positive illusions: Idealization and the construction of satisfaction in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(1), 79–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Murray, S. L., Holmes, J. G., & Griffin, D. W. (1996b). The self-fulfilling nature of positive illusions in romantic relationships: Love is not blind, but prescient. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71(6), 1155–1180.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Murray, S. L., Holmes, J. G., & Griffin, D. W. (2000). Self-esteem and the quest for felt security: How perceived regard regulates attachment processes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(3), 478–498.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Murray, S. L., Rose, P., Holmes, J. G., Derrick, J., Podchaski, E. J., Bellavia, G., & Griffin, D. W. (2005). Putting the partner within reach: A dyadic perspective on felt security in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88(2), 327–347.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Murray, S. L., Holmes, J. G., Griffin, D. W., & Derrick, J. L. (2015). The equilibrium model of relationship maintenance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108(1), 93–113.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Oduor, E., Neustaedter, C., Odom, W., Tang, A., Moallem, N., Tory, M., et al. (2016). The frustrations and benefits of mobile device usage in the home when co-present with family members. Paper presented at the In Proceedings of the 2016 ACM Conference on Designing Interactive Systems. ACM.Google Scholar
  36. Orth, U., Robins, R. W., & Widaman, K. F. (2012). Life-span development of self-esteem and its effects on important life outcomes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(6), 1271–1288.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Przybylski, A. K., & Weinstein, N. (2013). Can you connect with me now? How the presence of mobile communication technology influences face-to-face conversation quality. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 30(3), 237–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Radesky, J. S., Kistin, C. J., Zuckerman, B., Nitzberg, K., Gross, J., Kaplan-Sanoff, M., Augustyn, M., & Silverstein, M. (2014). Patterns of mobile device use by caregivers and children during meals in fast food restaurants. Pediatrics, 133(4), e843–e849.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Roberts, J. A., & David, M. E. (2016). My life has become a major distraction from my cell phone: Partner phubbing and relationship satisfaction among romantic partners. Computers in Human Behavior, 54, 134–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rodriguez, L. M., Neighbors, C., & Knee, C. R. (2013). Problematic alcohol use and marital distress: An interdependence theory perspective. Addiction Research and Theory, 22(4), 294–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Samaha, M., & Hawi, N. S. (2016). Relationships among smartphone addiction, stress, academic performance, and satisfaction with life. Computers in Human Behavior, 57, 321–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Schade, L. C., Sandberg, J., Bean, R., Busby, D., & Coyne, S. (2013). Using technology to connect in romantic relationships: Effects on attachment, relationship satisfaction, and stability in emerging adults. Journal of Couple and Relationship Therapy, 12(4), 314–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sciangula, A., & Morry, M. M. (2009). Self-esteem and perceived regard: How I see myself affects my relationship satisfaction. The Journal of Social Psychology, 149(2), 143–158.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Shackelford, T. K. (2001). Self-esteem in marriage. Personality and Individual Differences, 30(3), 371–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Stryker, S. (1999). The vitalization of symbolic interactionism. Social Psychology Quarterly, 50(1), 83–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Turkle, S. (2011). Alone together: Why we expect more from technology and less from each other. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  48. Valkenburg, P. M., & Peter, J. (2007). Online communication and adolescent well-being: Testing the stimulation versus the displacement hypothesis. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(4), 1169–1182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Vanden Abeele, M. M. P., Antheunis, M. L., & Schouten, A. P. (2016). The effect of mobile messaging during a conversation on impression formation and interaction quality. Computers in Human Behavior, 62, 562–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wang, X., Lei, L., Liu, D., & Hu, H. (2016). Moderating effects of moral reasoning and gender on the relation between moral disengagement and cyberbullying in adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 98, 244–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Wang, X., Xie, X., Wang, Y., Wang, P., & Lei, L. (2017). Partner phubbing and depression among married Chinese adults: The roles of relationship satisfaction and relationship length. Personality and Individual Differences, 110, 12–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wang, X., Wang, W., Xie, X., Wang, P., Wang, Y., Nie, J., et al. (2018). Self-esteem and depression among Chinese adults: A moderated mediation model of relationship satisfaction and positive affect. Personality and Individual Differences, 135, 121–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Whitton, S. W., & Kuryluk, A. D. (2012). Relationship satisfaction and depressive symptoms in emerging adults: Cross-sectional associations and moderating effects of relationship characteristics. Journal of Family Psychology, 26(2), 226–235.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Educational ScienceShanxi UniversityTaiyuanChina
  2. 2.School of EducationZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouChina
  3. 3.The Center of Internet + Social Psychology, Department of PsychologyRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations