Emotion regulation and job stress: The mediating effect of relationship quality in the US and Korean samples

  • Yeseul Jung
  • Young Woo Sohn
  • Min Young KimEmail author


The purpose of the study is to investigate whether the association between emotion regulation and job stress is mediated by workplace relationship quality, and to understand the influence of culture in such a relationship. Structural equation modeling was conducted using the data collected from 271 employees in the United States (N = 156) and South Korea (N = 115). Our results demonstrate that relationship quality fully mediated the relationship between reappraisal and job stress. We found that the models of emotion regulation affecting job stress through the relationship quality are invariant across the US and Korea, indicating the possibility that the identified emotion regulation-job stress model can be generalized across cultures. The findings provide information to practitioners regarding how employees cope with stress and allow for the improvement of psychological well-being through application of the integrative mediation model related to emotion regulation and job stress. This study also extends extant psychological theories to explain how emotion regulation is associated with job stress, by demonstrating the mediating role of workplace relationship quality.


Emotion regulation Workplace relationship quality Psychological well-being Job stress Culture 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship or the publication of this article.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyYonsei UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyKeimyung UniversityDaeguSouth Korea

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