Development and validation of the Equanimity Barriers Scale [EBS]

  • Joey WeberEmail author
  • Michelle Lowe


Whilst mindfulness as a practice is now well researched, little is known about the associated concept of equanimity or the barriers people face in achieving it. Three studies were conducted to develop and validate a self-report measure assessing barriers to equanimity. Across studies, opportunity samples comprised students and staff members from one British university, and via online social media platforms. In study 1 (n = 453) principal component analysis revealed five internally consistent factors measuring the ways in which barriers to equanimity are conceptualised. Study 2, (n = 108) sought to confirm these factors. Results revealed that a four-factor model best fit the data. Validity statistics were sufficient to support this model. Study 3 (n = 302) tested convergent and discriminant validity of the four-factor Equanimity Barriers Scale (EBS). It was tested utilising the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (Brown and Ryan 2003), Big Five Inventory-10 (Rammstedt and John 2007), Self Compassion Scale Short Form (Raes et al. 2011), Difficulty in Emotional Regulation Scale Short Form (Kaufman et al. 2015) and the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (Gross and John 2003). The usefulness of the EBS for future research into individual differences in adherence to mindfulness-based interventions are discussed.


Mindfulness Equanimity Wellbeing Compassion Self-compassion 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare there were no conflict of interest in these studies.

Supplementary material

12144_2018_9969_MOESM1_ESM.docx (21 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 20 kb)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of health and wellbeingUniversity of BoltonGreater ManchesterUK
  2. 2.School of Education and PsychologyUniversity of BoltonGreater ManchesterUK

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