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Psychometric properties of measures of hedonic and eudaimonic orientations in Japan: The HEMA scale

  • Ryosuke Asano
  • Saori Tsukamoto
  • Tasuku Igarashi
  • Veronika Huta
Article

Abstract

The Hedonic and Eudaimonic Motives for Activities (HEMA) scale measures well-being as a series of orientations. We investigated the HEMA scale’s psychometric properties among two Japanese samples in longitudinal studies over periods of one month (N = 385) and two months (N = 224). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses identified three subscales of the HEMA scale: hedonic pleasure orientation, hedonic relaxation orientation, and eudaimonic orientation. On average, at a given point in time, the correlations between subscales were r = .58 for the hedonic pleasure and hedonic relaxation orientations; r = .56 for the hedonic pleasure and eudaimonic orientations; and r = .26 for the hedonic relaxation and eudaimonic orientations—while the internal consistencies were αs > .80 for all subscales. In both studies, the three HEMA subscales had test-retest correlations averaging rs = .51, which suggests that these orientations are temporally quite stable, yet they are also amenable to change. Longitudinal analyses showed correlations between the HEMA scale and external criteria: hedonic pleasure orientation was associated with life satisfaction, positive affect, personal growth, purpose in life, and sense of meaning; hedonic relaxation orientation was associated with life satisfaction, positive affect, calm affect, and personal growth; and eudaimonic orientation was associated with life satisfaction, positive affect, personal growth, purpose in life, and sense of meaning. Implications for future research on the HEMA scale are discussed.

Keywords

Well-being Hedonia Eudaimonia Motives Psychometric properties 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge Yoshiko Honma for helping to collect the data of Study 1.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Supplementary material

12144_2018_9954_MOESM1_ESM.docx (54 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 54.4 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyKurume UniversityKurumeJapan
  2. 2.Division of Liberal Arts and SciencesAichi Gakuin UniversityNisshinJapan
  3. 3.Graduate School of Education and Human DevelopmentNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  4. 4.School of PsychologyUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada

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