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The impact of perceived organizational support on the relationship between job stress and burnout: a mediating or moderating role?

  • Zhihua Xu
  • Fu Yang
Article
  • 104 Downloads

Abstract

Compared to social support, organizational support in the job stress–burnout relationship has received little attention. Drawing on perceived organizational support (POS) theory and the notion of support as a stress buffer, this study examines the mediating and moderating effects of POS on the relationships between job stress and the three components of burnout (exhaustion, cynicism, and inefficacy) using a sample of 351 teachers in China. We found that job stress had significant main effects and indirect effects via POS on exhaustion and inefficacy, but not cynicism. The hypotheses of POS moderating effects of job stress on the three components of burnout were not supported. Moreover, job stress had a stronger effect on exhaustion among head teachers compared to non-head teachers and a stronger effect on inefficacy among non-head teachers. Exhaustion predicted cynicism, which predicted inefficacy. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

Keywords

Job stress POS Exhaustion Cynicism Inefficacy 

Notes

Funding

This study was funded by The Lingnan Normal University Special Project for Talents (grant numberZW1803).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Author Zhihua Xu has received grant from Lingnan Normal University Special Project for Talents (grant number ZW1803). Author Fu Yang declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Law and PoliticsLingnan Normal UniversityZhanjiangChina
  2. 2.School of Business AdministrationSouthwestern University of Finance and EconomicsChengduChina

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