Does being positive work in a mediterranean collectivist culture? Relationship of core self-evaluations to job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and commitment
- 76 Downloads
The vast majority of the core self-evaluations (CSE) studies has been conducted in Western cultures. In an attempt to extend this research into a different culture, the present study tested the factor structure of a Turkish version of the CSE scale and examined the relationship of CSE to job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and affective commitment. Data were collected in student (n = 216) and field samples (n = 321). The results confirmed the proposed one-factor structure of the Turkish version of the CSE scale as well as its convergent and discriminant validity. CSE (measured in time period 1) was significantly related to job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and affective commitment (measured in time period 2 which was three months later). The authors concluded that the CSE is predictive of key career-related outcomes in Turkey’s collectivist culture.
KeywordsCore self-evaluations Job satisfaction Life satisfaction Affective commitment
This work was supported by Scientific Project Commission of Social Sciences University of Ankara, grant number 179.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8325.1990.tb00506.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bentler, P. M. (1995). Program manual. Encino: Multivariate Software.Google Scholar
- Campbell, J. D., Trapnell, P. D., Heine, S. J., Katz, I. M., Lavallee, L. F., & Lehman, D. R. (1996). Self-concept clarity: Measurement, personality correlates, and cultural boundaries. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 141–156. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Çetin, Ş., Gürbüz, S., & Sert, M. (2015). A meta-analysis of the relationship between organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior: Test of potential moderator variables. Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 27, 281–303. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10672-015-9266-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Chen, C., Lee, S., & Stevenson, H. W. (1995). Response style and cross-cultural comparisons of rating scales among east Asian and north American students. Psychological Science, 6, 170–175. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.1995.tb00327.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Daboval, J. (1998). A comparison between baby boomers and generation X employees’ bases and foci of commitment, doctoral dissertation. Fort Lauderdale: Nova South Eastern University.Google Scholar
- Erol, H. T., & Sumer, H. C. (2009). The power of pleasant affective state at work. New Orleans: Paper presented at the 24th Annual Meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology.Google Scholar
- Gençöz, T. (2000). Pozitif ve Negatif Duygu Ölçeği: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 15, 19–26.Google Scholar
- Gurbuz, S., & Bingol, D. (2007). Çeşitli örgüt yöneticilerinin güç mesafesi, belirsizlikten kaçınma, eril-dişil ve bireyci toplulukçu kültür boyutlarına yönelik eğilimleri üzerine görgül bir araştırma. KHO Savunma Bilimleri Dergisi, 62, 68–87.Google Scholar
- Gurbuz, S., & Bayramlik, H. (2015). The relationship between core self-evaluations and life satisfaction. In S. Doğan (Ed.), Yaşam Doyumu (pp. 117–130). Ankara: Nobel.Google Scholar
- Gurbuz, S., Erkus, A., & Sigri, U. (2010). New predictors of job satisfaction and job performance. Sosyal ve Beşeri Bilimler Dergisi, 2, 69–76.Google Scholar
- Gurbuz, S., & Sahin, F. (2017). Sosyal bilimlerde araştırma yöntemleri -felsefe-yöntem-analiz (research methods in social sciences– Philosophy, method, and analysis) (4th ed.). Ankara: Seckin.Google Scholar
- Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J., & Minkov, M. (2010). Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
- Hu, L. & Bentler, P. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indices in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705519909540118.
- Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (2006). LISREL 8.80 for Windows [Computer Software]. Lincolnwood: Scientific Software International, Inc..Google Scholar
- Judge, T. A., & Bono, J. E. (2001). Relationship of core self-evaluations traits—self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, locus of control, and emotional stability—with job satisfaction and job performance: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 80–92. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.86.1.80.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Judge, T. A., Erez, A., Bono, J. E., & Thoresen, C. J. (2003). The core self-evaluations scale: Development of a measure. Personnel Psychology, 56, 303–331. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2003.tb00152.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kagitcibasi, C. (1997). Individualism and collectivism. In J. W. Berry, M. H. Segall, & C. Kagitcibasi (Eds.), Handbook of cross-cultural psychology: Vol. 3. Social behavior and applications (pp. 1–49). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
- Koch, S., & Bertan, E. (2012). Offshoring to and from Turkey as an emerging economy: IT and other sectors. CONF-IRM 2012 Proceedings, 44.Google Scholar
- Lee, I.A., & Preacher, K.J. (2013).Calculation for the test of the difference between two dependent correlations with one variable in common [Computer software]. Retrieved January 5, 2015, from http://quantpsy.org.
- Lub, X., Bijvank, M. N., Bal, P. M., Blomme, R., & Schalk, R. (2012). Different or alike? Exploring the psychological contract and commitment of different generations of hospitality workers. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 24, 553–573. https://doi.org/10.1108/09596111211226824.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Morgeson, C., Campion, M. A., Dipboye, R. L., Hollenbeck, J. R., Murphy, K., & Schmitt, N. (2007). Are we getting fooled again? Coming to terms with limitations in the use of personality tests for personnel selection. Personnel Psychology, 60, 1029–1049. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.17446570.2007.00100.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory (2 nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2012). Sources of method bias in social science research and recommendations on how to control it. Annual Review of Psychology, 65, 539–569. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-120710-100452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Rode, J. C., Judge, T. A., & Sun, J. J. (2012). Incremental validity of core self -evaluations in the presence of other self-concept traits: An investigation of applied psychology criteria in the U.S. and China. The Journal of Organizational and Leadership Studies, 19, 324–338. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-120710-100452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized self-efficacy scale. In J. Weinman, S. Wright, & M. Johnston (Eds.), Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and control beliefs (pp. 35–37). Windsor: NFER-NELSON.Google Scholar
- SIPRI (2015). The SIPRI-Top 100 and recent trends in the arms industry. Retrieved January 9, 2015, from http://www.sipri.org/research/armaments/production/recent-trends-in-arms-industry.
- Stumpp, T., Muck, P. M., Hülsheger, U. R., Judge, T. A., & Maier, G. W. (2010). Core self-evaluations in Germany: Validation of a German measure and its relationships with career success. Applied Psychology. An International Review, 59, 674–700. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2010.00422.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sumer, N., Lajunen, T., & Ozkan, T. (2005). Big five personality traits as the distal predictors of road accident involvement. In G. Underwood (Ed.), Traffic and transport psychology (pp. 215–227). Oxford: Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Taras, V., Steel, P. & Kirkman, B. (2012). Improving national cultural indices using a longitudinal meta-analysis of Hofstede’s dimensions. Journal of World Business, 47, 329–341. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2011.05.001.
- Taras, V., Steel, P. & Kirkman, B. (2016). Does country equate with culture? Beyond geography in the search for cultural boundaries. Management International Review, 56, 455–487, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11575-016-0283-x.
- Triandis, H. C. (1994). Culture and social behavior. NY: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- Triandis, H. (1995). Individualism and collectivism. Boulder: Westview.Google Scholar
- TUIK. (2016). Turkish statistical institute: Workforce statistics database. Retrieved December 9, 2017, from https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/medas/?kn=72&locale=tr
- Uskul, A. K., Oyserman, D., & Schwarz, N. (2010). Cultural emphasis on honor, modesty, or selfenhancement: Implications for the survey-response process. In J. A. Harkness, M. Braun, B. Edwards, T. P.Johnson, L. Lyberg, P. P. Mohler, B.E. Pennell, & T. W. Smith (Eds.), Wiley series in survey methodology.Survey methods in multinational, multiregional, and multicultural contexts (pp. 191–201). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons Inc. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470609927.ch11.
- Weitz, J. (1952). A neglected concept in the study of job satisfaction. Personnel Psychology, 5, 201–205. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.1952.tb01012.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Yesilay, A., Schwarzer, R. & Jerusalem, M. (1996). Turkish adaptation of the general perceived self-efficacy scale. Retrieved December 9, 2017, from http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~health/turk.htm.