Family cohesion and social adjustment of chinese university students: the mediating effects of sense of security and personal relationships

  • Baojuan Ye
  • Xi Lei
  • Jianfeng YangEmail author
  • Paul James Byrne
  • Xiaochuan Jiang
  • Mingfan Liu
  • Xinqiang Wang


Many university students in China find university life challenging and do not adapt well to the transition (Pan et al. 2016). To address these challenges this study extends understanding of the influences of family cohesion on university students’ social adjustment. The study tested the mediating effect of sense of security and interpersonal disturbance. A sample of 728 Chinese university students (345 males and 383 females with a mean age of 20.62 years) was surveyed using the Family Cohesion Scale, Sense of Security Scale, Relationship Comprehensive Assessment Questionnaire, and Social Adjustment Questionnaire. The findings supported the hypotheses that family cohesion impacted social adjustment through university students’ sense of security and interpersonal disturbance. Family cohesion and sense of security were protective factors and disturbance in interpersonal relationship was a risk factor for social adjustment. Sense of security mediated the relationship between family cohesion and social adjustment; interpersonal disturbance mediated the relationship between family cohesion and social adjustment; sense of security and interpersonal disturbance played serial multiple mediating roles in the relationship between family cohesion and social adjustment. Application of these results might support the development of effective strategies to promote the social adjustment of university students during their transition to full adulthood.


Family cohesion Sense of security Interpersonal disturbance Social adjustment University students Mediating roles 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethics Statement

This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of The Ethics Committee of the Center for Mental Health Education and Research of a University of Finance and Economics with written informed consent from all subjects. All participants provided written informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. The protocol was approved by The Ethics Committee of the Center for Mental Health Education and Research of a Chinese University of Finance and Economics.

Conflict of Interest Statement

This research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest with respect to this research.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center of Mental Health Education and Research, School of PsychologyJiangxi Normal UniversityNanchangChina
  2. 2.Jiangxi University of Finance and EconomicsNanchangChina
  3. 3.School of Political and LawJiangxi Normal UniversityNanchangChina

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