Emotional regulation and depression in a sample of separated and divorced Chilean adults

  • Lusmenia Garrido-RojasEmail author
  • Mónica Guzmán-González
  • Rodolfo Mendoza-Llanos
  • Diana Rivera-Ottenberger
  • Paula Contreras-Garay


Previous studies have described the increase in depressive symptoms in divorced and separated individuals. However, the factors associated with depression have been little explored in this particular context. The aim of the present study was to assess the degree to which difficulties in emotional regulation are associated with depressive symptomatology in divorced and separated individuals. A sample of 1189 Chilean individuals, separated or divorced, completed self-reported measures of difficulties in emotional regulation and depression. The results obtained allow us to conclude that difficulties in emotional regulation, over other individual factors, such as early risk situations or circumstances of separation, are associated with higher rates of depression in men and women, explaining 41% of the variance of the depressive symptomatology. Emotional regulation difficulties are associated with greater depressive symptomatology in divorced/separated individuals. We discuss the clinical implications of these results, as well as future lines of research.


Emotional regulation Depression Divorce Separation 



This research was funded by the National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development from the Chilean Government, FONDECYT No. 1150044, awarded to the second author.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversidad Católica del MauleTalcaChile
  2. 2.Universidad Católica del NorteAntofagastaChile
  3. 3.Universidad del Bío BíoConcepciónChile
  4. 4.Pontificia Universidad Católica de ChileSantiagoChile

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