Perceived goodness mediates the relationship between trait and state gratitude

  • Chih-Che LinEmail author


A grateful person could be said to have a lower threshold for gratitude and might feel more gratitude than others. However, both the value of gifts and the intention of helpers may be important determinations. This study aimed to examine the roles of perceived value and intention in the relationship between trait and state gratitude. Two hundred and forty-four Taiwanese individuals aged 20 or above completed measures of variables of interest. Structural equation modeling showed that goodness of value and intention naturally group together and form a unique appraisal belief (i.e., perceived goodness). Moreover, path analyses indicated that perceived goodness acted as a full mediator of the association between trait and state gratitude. In other words, people with higher levels of trait gratitude had a propensity to perceive greater value of the gift itself and the helper’s genuine helpful intentions, which may elevate their degree of state gratitude. Furthermore, a multigroup analysis found that the paths did not differ by gender. Implications for future research and limitations of the present findings are discussed.


Gratitude Intention Value 



This study was funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China in Taiwan (Contract MOST 104–2410-H-027-020).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that he/she has no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Teacher Education CenterNational Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiRepublic of China

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