Exploring the interplay between Iranian EFL learners’ first language (L1) literacy resources and their performance on L2 receptive skills

  • Reza Abbasian
  • Bahram HadianEmail author
  • Mehdi Vaez-Dalili


The purpose of the present research was to examine what role first language (L1) non-linguistic variables (literacy related resources) could play in predicting second language (L2) reading and listening comprehension performance in an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) context. Drawing on a nonrandom purposive sampling strategy, the participants were selected from senior high school students in Iran. Data were analyzed usingbivariate correlations between the variables andalso multiple regressions in order to look at the relative contribution of literacy related resources (with five factors: participants’ number of overall books at home, number of children’s and adults’ books available, computer ownership, and newspaper subscription among families) on L2 reading and listening comprehension. The findings indicated that the correlations between these literacy resources, on the one hand, and L2 listening and reading comprehension, on the other, were statistically significant. Moreover, the results indicated that the number of children’s books was the strongest predictor of listening and reading comprehension. The obtained results are discussed in terms of their relationship with the extant literature and implications for TESOL, especially with regard to the role of non-linguistic variables in acquiring second language reading and listening.


First language literacy related resources Second language reading comprehension Second language listening comprehension English as a foreign language 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Oral informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflicts of Interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reza Abbasian
    • 1
  • Bahram Hadian
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mehdi Vaez-Dalili
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EnglishIsfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityIsfahanIran

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