Advertisement

Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R)

  • Haruna Koike
  • Aki TsuchiyagaitoEmail author
  • Yoshiyuki Hirano
  • Fumiyo Oshima
  • Kenichi Asano
  • Yoshinori Sugiura
  • Osamu Kobori
  • Ryotaro Ishikawa
  • Hirofumi Nishinaka
  • Eiji Shimizu
  • Akiko Nakagawa
Article
  • 166 Downloads

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to investigate the factor structure, and the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R). The participants included 214 university students enrolled at two universities in a metropolitan area. They completed the OCI-R and other related scales, and of these, 38 students answered the OCI-R again two weeks later. Based on a factor analysis, the six-factor structure, the same as the original version, was confirmed. For reliability, internal consistency and test-retest reliability were evaluated and both internal consistency and test-retest reliability were confirmed. For convergent validity, we calculated the correlation coefficient using the Japanese version of the Maudsley Obsessional-Compulsive Inventory, which measures obsessive-compulsive symptoms. For concurrent validity, we calculated the correlation coefficient using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, which measures depressive symptoms; and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, which measures anxiety symptoms. Overall, the factor structure, the reliability, and the validity of the Japanese version of the OCI-R were all confirmed in this study. In the future, we will investigate whether the same results can be obtained in clinical groups.

Keywords

The obsessive-compulsive inventory-revised Obsessive-compulsive disorder Nonclinical sample Reliability Validity 

Abbreviations

CFI

comparative fit index

CI

confidence interval

DY-BOCS

Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale

GAD-7

Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7

ICC

interclass correlation coefficient

MOCI

Maudsley Obsessional-Compulsive Inventory

OC

Obsessive-compulsive

OCD

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

OCI

Obsessive- Compulsive Inventory

OCI-R

Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised

PHQ-9

Patient Health Questionnaire-9

RMSEA

root mean squared error of approximation

SD

standard deviation

SRMR

standardized root mean square residual

TLI

Tucker-Levis index

Y-BOCS

Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS)

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Mental Health Okamoto Memorial Foundation and JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP26461762, JP16K04344, and JP16H07098.

Authors’ Contributions

Study concept and design: HK and AN. Acquisition of data: HK and FO. Statistical analysis and interpretation of data: HN and AT. Drafting of the manuscript: HK. Critical revision of the manuscript: AT, YH, YS, OK, RI and AN. Study supervision: YH, FO, KA, YS, OK, RI, ES and AN. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

The research protocol was approved by the institutional review board of the Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Japan (No.2273).

Ethics, Consent and Permissions

The purposes of the study and the ethical consideration for the participants (e.g., rights to drop out during the study; confidentiality of their information and management of data anonymously) were explained to the participants. All participants had given informed consent to be included in the study.

Conflict of Interest

The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.

References

  1. Abramowitz, J. S., & Deacon, B. J. (2006). Psychometric properties and construct validity of the obsessive-compulsive inventory--revised: Replication and extension with a clinical sample. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 20(8), 1016–1035.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2006.03.001.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Lawrence Earlbau Associates.Google Scholar
  3. Foa, E. B., Kozak, M. J., Salkovskis, P. M., Coles, M. E., & Amir, N. (1998). The validation of a new obsessive–compulsive disorder scale: The obsessive–compulsive inventory. Psychological Assessment, 10(3), 206–214.  https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.10.3.206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Foa, E. B., Huppert, J. D., Leiberg, S., Langner, R., Kichic, R., Hajcak, G., & Salkovskis, P. M. (2002). The obsessive-compulsive inventory: Development and validation of a short version. Psychological Assessment, 14(4), 485–496.  https://doi.org/10.1037//1040-3590.14.4.485.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Fullana, M. A., Tortella-Feliu, M., Caseras, X., Andión, Ó., Torrubia, R., & Mataix-Cols, D. (2005). Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the obsessive–compulsive inventory—Revised in a non-clinical sample. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 19(8), 893–903.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2004.10.004.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ghassemzadeh, H., Shams, G., Abedi, J., Karamghadiri, N., Ebrahimkhani, N., & Rajabloo, M. (2011). Psychometric properties of a Persian-language version of the obsessive-compulsive inventory-revised: OCI-R-Persian. Psychology, 2(3), 210–215.  https://doi.org/10.4236/psych.2011.23032.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gilbert, A. R., Keshavan, M. S., Diwadkar, V., Nutche, J., MacMaster, F., Easter, P. C., et al. (2008). Gray matter differences between pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder patients and high-risk siblings: A preliminary voxel-based morphometry study. Neuroscience Letters, 435(1), 45–50.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2008.02.011.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Gönner, S., Leonhart, R., & Ecker, W. (2008). The obsessive–compulsive inventory-revised (OCI-R): Validation of the German version in a sample of patients with OCD, anxiety disorders, and depressive disorders. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 22(4), 734–749.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2007.07.007.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Goodman, W. K., Price, L. H., Rasmussen, S. A., Mazure, C., Fleischmann, R. L., Hill, C. L., et al. (1989). The Yale-Brown obsessive compulsive scale. I. Development, use, and reliability. Archives of General Psychiatry, 46(11), 1006–1011.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Hajcak, G., Huppert, J. D., Simons, R. F., & Foa, E. B. (2004). Psychometric properties of the OCI-R in a college sample. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42(1), 115–123.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2003.08.002.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Hirose, M., Hirano, Y., Nemoto, K., Sutoh, C., Asano, K., Miyata, H., et al. (2016). Relationship between symptom dimensions and brain morphology in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Brain Imaging and Behavior.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11682-016-9611-9.
  12. Hodgson, R. J., & Rachman, S. (1977). Obsessional-compulsive complaints. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 15(5), 389–395.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(77)90042-0.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Ishikawa, R., Kobori, O., & Shimizu, E. (2014). Development and validation of the Japanese version of the obsessive-compulsive inventory. BMC Research Notes, 7(1), 306.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-7-306.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  14. Koch, K., Wagner, G., Schachtzabel, C., Christoph Schultz, C., Straube, T., Güllmar, D., et al. (2012). White matter structure and symptom dimensions in obsessive–compulsive disorder. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 46(2), 264–270.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2011.10.016.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Mataix-Cols, D., Wooderson, S., Lawrence, N., Brammer, M. J., Speckens, A., & Phillips, M. L. (2004). Distinct neural correlates of washing, checking, and hoarding symptomdimensions in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61(6), 564–576.  https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.61.6.564.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Michaud, C. M., McKenna, M. T., Begg, S., Tomijima, N., Majmudar, M., Bulzacchelli, M. T., et al. (2006). The burden of disease and injury in the United States 1996. Population Health Metrics, 4, 11.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-7954-4-11.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. Muramatsu, K., Miyaoka, H., Kamijima, K., Muramatsu, Y., Yoshida, M., Otsubo, T., & Gejyo, F. (2007). The patient health questionnaire, Japanese version: Validity according to the mini-international neuropsychiatric interview-plus. Psychological Reports, 101(3), 952–960.  https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.101.3.952-960.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Muramatsu, K., Miyaoka, H., Ueshima, K., Muramatsu, Y., Fuse, K., Yoshimine, H., et al. (2010). Validation and utility of a Japanese version of the GAD ­-7. Japanese Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine, 50(6), 592.Google Scholar
  19. Rosario-Campos, M. C., Miguel, E. C., Quatrano, S., Chacon, P., Ferrao, Y., Findley, D., et al. (2006). The Dimensional Yale–Brown Obsessive–Compulsive Scale (DY-BOCS): An instrument for assessing obsessive–compulsive symptom dimensions. Molecular Psychiatry, 11(5), 495–504.  https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.mp.4001798.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Sica, C., Ghisi, M., Altoè, G., Chiri, L. R., Franceschini, S., Coradeschi, D., & Melli, G. (2009). The Italian version of the obsessive compulsive inventory: Its psychometric properties on community and clinical samples. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23(2), 204–211.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2008.07.001.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Vandenberg, R. J., & Lance, C. E. (2000). A review and synthesis of the measurement invariance literature: Suggestions, practices, and recommendations for organizational research. Organizational Research Methods, 3(1), 4–70.  https://doi.org/10.1177/109442810031002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Woo, C.-W., Kwon, S.-M., Lim, Y.-J., & Shin, M.-S. (2010). The Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R): Psychometric properties of the Korean version and the order, gender, and cultural effects. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 41(3), 220–227.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2010.01.006.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Yagi, M., Hirano, Y., Nakazato, M., Nemoto, K., Ishikawa, K., Sutoh, C., et al. (2016). Relationship between symptom dimensions and white matter alterations in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Acta Neuropsychiatrica, 1–11.  https://doi.org/10.1017/neu.2016.45.
  24. Yoshida, M., Kiriike, N., Nagata, T., Matsunaga, H., & Yamagami, S. (1995). Clinical usefulness of Japanese version of Maudsley Obsessional Compulsive Inventory (MOCI) in obsessive compulsive disorders. Japanese Journal of Psychiatry, 37(3), 291–296.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haruna Koike
    • 1
    • 2
  • Aki Tsuchiyagaito
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Yoshiyuki Hirano
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fumiyo Oshima
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kenichi Asano
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yoshinori Sugiura
    • 4
  • Osamu Kobori
    • 5
  • Ryotaro Ishikawa
    • 6
  • Hirofumi Nishinaka
    • 7
  • Eiji Shimizu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 8
  • Akiko Nakagawa
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.United Graduate School of Child DevelopmentOsaka University, Kanazawa University, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Chiba University and University of FukuiOsakaJapan
  2. 2.Research Center for Child Mental DevelopmentChiba UniversityChibaJapan
  3. 3.Department of NeuropsychiatryFukushima Medical UniversityFukushimaJapan
  4. 4.Graduate School of Integrated Arts and SciencesHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan
  5. 5.Department of PsychologySwansea UniversitySwanseaUK
  6. 6.Graduate School of Arts and SciencesUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan
  7. 7.Center for Forensic Mental HealthChiba UniversityChibaJapan
  8. 8.Department of Cognitive Behavioral PhysiologyGraduate School of Medicine, Chiba UniversityChibaJapan

Personalised recommendations