Current Psychology

, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 1276–1284 | Cite as

Psychometric Properties of the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised in Chinese Young Adults

  • Daoyang Wang
  • Mingming Hu
  • Shuting Li
  • Sha TaoEmail author


This study aimed to assess the reliability and construct validity of the Chinese version TCI-R-240 in young adults. The 545 young adults completed the Chinese version of TCI-R-240, as well as self-report measures of subjective health (SHC), life satisfaction (SWLS), and Big-Five personality traits (Mini-IPIP). The TCI-R-240 showed high internal consistency reliabilities for all seven dimensions with Cronbach’s alpha coefficients from 0.68 to 0.88. The postulated four-factor structure of temperament and three-factor structure of character was confirmed by factor analysis and principal component analysis. The concurrent validity of the TCI-R-240 has been supported by meaningful correlations with subjective health, life satisfaction and Mini-IPIP. In line with previous studies, the strongest correlations concerning subjective health were negative correlation with Harm Avoidance and positive correlation with Self-directedness. Furthermore, life satisfaction was positively correlated with Self-directedness, Persistence, and Self-transcendence. The Agreeableness dimension was positively correlated with Reward Dependence. The Neuroticism dimension was positively correlated with Harm Avoidance and negative correlation with Self-directedness. The results suggested that the Chinese version of the TCI-R is a valid and reliable measure of temperament and character in young adults.


TCI Temperament Reliability Validity Young Adults 



This study was funded by the National Social Science Foundation for Young Scholars in Educational Science of China (grant number CBA120108).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Written consent was obtained from each participant after a full explanation of the study procedure. Parents/guardians of participants under 18 years old were informed, and their consent was obtained.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that there are no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daoyang Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mingming Hu
    • 3
  • Shuting Li
    • 3
  • Sha Tao
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Collaborative Innovation Center of Assessment toward Basic Education QualityBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.College of Educational ScienceAnhui Normal UniversityWuhuChina
  3. 3.State Key laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning and IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain ResearchBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

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