Direct and Indirect Effects of Family Functioning on Loneliness of Elderly Chinese Individuals
- 536 Downloads
Loneliness has particularly significant effect on the quality of life of elderly individuals. In this study, we examined the direct and indirect effects of social support on loneliness in elderly respondents. A total of 388 people, aged 60–65 years with a mean of 62.44 (SD = 1.82), completed questionnaires measuring family functioning, social support, and loneliness. Structural equation modeling results showed that social support partially mediated the relationship between family functioning and loneliness, and bootstrap estimation procedure and subsequent analyses indicated that the indirect effect of social support on the relationship between family functioning and loneliness of elderly individuals is significant. In short, we found that family-functioning and social support play significant roles in helping older Chinese individuals overcome their high risk of loneliness.
KeywordsFamily functioning Loneliness Social support Elderly
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Guangya Zhou declares that he has no conflict of interest.
Yanhua Wang declares that she has no conflict of interest.
Xiaobo Yu declares that he has no conflict of interest.
- Asher, S. R., & Weeks, M. S. (2014). Loneliness and belongingness in the college years. The Handbook of Solitude: Psychological Perspectives on Social Isolation, Social Withdrawal, and Being Alone, 283–301. doi: 10.1002/9781118427378.
- Cao, X., Jiang, X., Li, X., Lo, M.-c. J. H., & Li, R. (2013). Family functioning and its predictors among disaster bereaved individuals in China: eighteen months after the Wenchuan earthquake. PloS One, 8(4), e60738.Google Scholar
- Crea, T., Chan, K., & Barth, R. (2014). Family environment and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adopted children: associations with family cohesion and adaptability. Child: Care, Health and Development, 40(6), 853–862.Google Scholar
- Du, N., Ran, M.-S., Liang, S.-g., SiTu, M.-j., Huang, Y., Mansfield, A. K., & Keitner, G. (2014). Comparison of family functioning in families of depressed patients and nonclinical control families in China using the family assessment device and the family adaptability and cohesion evaluation scales II. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 26(1), 47–56.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Herring, S., Gray, K., Taffe, J., Tonge, B., Sweeney, D., & Einfeld, S. (2006). Behaviour and emotional problems in toddlers with pervasive developmental disorders and developmental delay: associations with parental mental health and family functioning. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 50(12), 874–882.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Holwerda, T. J., Deeg, D. J., Beekman, A. T., van Tilburg, T. G., Stek, M. L., Jonker, C., & Schoevers, R. A. (2014). Feelings of loneliness, but not social isolation, predict dementia onset: results from the Amsterdam study of the elderly (AMSTEL). Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 85(2), 135–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Peng, J., He, F., Zhang, Y., Liu, Q., Miao, D., & Xiao, W. (2013a). Differences in simulated doctor and patient medical decision making: a construal level perspective. PloS One, 8(11), e79181.Google Scholar
- Rook, K. S. (1984). Research on social support, loneliness, and social isolation: toward an integration. Review of Personality & Social Psychology, 5, 239–264.Google Scholar
- Tian, Q. (2014). Intergeneration social support affects the subjective well-being of the elderly: mediator roles of self-esteem and loneliness. Journal of Health Psychology, 1359105314547245. doi: 10.1177/1359105314547245.
- Wang, X. (2014). Subjective well-being associated with size of social network and social support of elderly. Journal of Health Psychology, 1359105314544136. doi: 10.1177/1359105314544136.
- Wang, X., Cai, L., Qian, J., & Peng, J. (2014). Social support moderates stress effects on depression. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 8(1), 1–5.Google Scholar
- Yu, X., Zhou, Z., Fan, G., Yu, Y., & Peng, J. (2016). Collective and individual self-esteem mediate the effect of self-Construals on subjective well-being of undergraduate students in China. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 11(1), 209–219.Google Scholar