Current Psychology

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 39–47 | Cite as

The Less is More: The 17-Item Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory

  • Gábor Orosz
  • Edina Dombi
  • István Tóth-Király
  • Christine Roland-Lévy


In this article the goal was the examination of the factorial structure of a short, Hungarian version of Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI; Zimbardo and Boyd Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77(6), 1271–1288, 1999) in a sample of 1370 participants, comparing alternative factor structures through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). According to the results the short, 17 item version of ZTPI includes the original five factors and has appropriate model fit indices. Furthermore, it is reliable in terms of internal consistency and temporal stability. In the light of previous ZTPI validations with severe shortcomings, the present results might encourage radical shortening of the original ZTPI scale.


Time perspective Zimbardo time perspective inventory Validity CFA Hungary 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gábor Orosz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Edina Dombi
    • 3
  • István Tóth-Király
    • 1
  • Christine Roland-Lévy
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of Eötvös LorándBudapestHungary
  2. 2.MTA Research Centre for Natural SciencesInstitute of Cognitive Neuroscience and PsychologyBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Juhász Gyula Faculty of Education, Department of Applied Pedagogy and PsychologyUniversity of SzegedSzegedHungary
  4. 4.Département de PsychologieUniversité de Reims Champagne-ArdenneReimsFrance

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