Everyday Activities: Beneficial Effects of Eudaimonic and Hedonic Motivation on Subjective Well-Being
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The study focuses on the impact of time and motives for everyday activities on mood and daily satisfaction. One hundred twenty-one undergraduate students participated in study using experience sampling method. The short PANAS scale, one item momentary satisfaction measure and state orientation to happiness scale were used. The measures were administered five times a day for 7 days via hand-held devices. The data were modeled using a linear mixed-effects approach. The models fitted the data reasonably well, especially for satisfaction and positive affect (PA) sharing similar parameter estimates. Both showed a nonlinear increase through the week while PA showed a similarly shaped circa-diurnal rhythm too. Negative affect (NA) showed almost no rhythm at all. Both hedonic and eudaimonic motives increased satisfaction and PA. Hedonic motives had a negative impact on NA. Generally, on momentary level, hedonic motives have a greater impact while longer intervals seem to emphasize the importance of eudaimonic motives.
KeywordsHedonic enjoyment Eudaimonia Positive affect Negative affect Satisfaction Everyday activities Experience-sampling Linear mixed-effects model
This work was supported by the Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sports under Grant 009-0342618-2193 and by the University of Rijeka under Grant 13.04.1.3.05.
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