Advertisement

Current Psychology

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 263–281 | Cite as

Development of the Romantic Jealousy-Induction Scale and the Motives for Inducing Romantic Jealousy Scale

  • Brent A. Mattingly
  • Diane Whitson
  • Melinda J. B. Mattingly
Article

Abstract

Relatively little research exists regarding individuals who intentionally induce jealousy in their romantic partners, which is partially due to the absence of validated measures assessing romantic jealousy-induction behaviors and motivations. In the current study, we developed measures and examined the correlates of romantic jealousy-induction behaviors and motivations. Results indicated that the Romantic Jealousy-Induction Scale was unifactorial and reliable, whereas the Motives for Inducing Romantic Jealousy Scale consisted of five theoretically meaningful and reliable factors. In general, the romantic jealousy-induction behaviors and motives were associated with greater experienced jealousy, greater attachment avoidance and anxiety, lower relationship satisfaction and commitment, greater relationship alternatives, less passionate love, and greater game-playing and obsessive love.

Keywords

Romantic jealousy Romantic jealousy-induction Scale development Romantic relationships 

References

  1. Andersen, P. A., Eloy, S. V., Guerrero, L. K., & Spitzberg, B. H. (1995). Romantic jealousy and relational satisfaction: a look at the impact of jealousy experience and expression. Communication Reports, 8, 77–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aron, A., Norman, C. C., Aron, E. N., McKenna, C., & Heyman, R. E. (2000). Couples’ shared participation in novel and arousing activities and experienced relationship quality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 273–284.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barelds, D. P. H., & Barelds-Dijkstra, P. (2007). Relations between different types of jealousy and self and partner perceptions of relationship quality. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 14, 176–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bevan, J. L. (2008). Experiencing and communicating romantic jealousy: questioning the investment model. Southern Communication Journal, 73, 42–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bowlby, J. (1977). The making and breaking of affectional bonds. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 130, 201–210.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brainerd, E. G., Hunter, P. A., Moore, D., & Thompson, T. R. (1996). Jealousy induction as a predictor of power and the use of other control methods in heterosexual relationships. Psychological Reports, 7, 1319–1325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brennan, K. A., Clark, C. L., & Shaver, P. R. (1998). Self-report measures of adult attachment: An integrative overview. In J. A. Simpson & W. S. Rholes (Eds.), Attachment theory and close relationships (pp. 46–76). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  8. Caspi, A., & Herbener, E. S. (1990). Continuity and change: assortative marriage and the consistency of personality in adulthood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 250–258.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cayanus, J. L., & Booth-Butterfield, M. (2004). Relationship orientation, jealousy, and equity: an examination of jealousy evoking and positive communicative responses. Communication Quarterly, 52, 237–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dainton, M., & Gross, J. (2008). The use of negative behaviors to maintain relationships. Communication Research Reports, 25, 179–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Feeney, B. C. (2006). An attachment theory perspective on the interplay between intrapersonal and interpersonal processes. In K. D. Vohs & E. J. Finkel (Eds.), Self and relationships: Connecting intrapersonal and interpersonal processes (pp. 133–159). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  12. Fleischmann, A. A., Spitzberg, B. H., Andersen, P. A., & Roesch, S. C. (2005). Tickling the monster: jealousy induction in relationships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 22, 49–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Frazier, P. A., Byer, A. L., Fischer, A. R., Wright, D. M., & DeBord, K. A. (1996). Adult attachment style and partner choice: correlational and experimental findings. Personal Relationships, 3, 117–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Guerrero, L. K. (1998). Attachment style differences in the experience and expression of romantic jealousy. Personal Relationships, 5, 273–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Guerrero, L. K., & Eloy, S. V. (1992). Relational satisfaction and jealousy across marital types. Communication Reports, 5(1), 23–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Guerrero, L. K., Trost, M. R., & Yoshimura, S. M. (2005). Romantic jealousy: emotions and communicative responses. Personal Relationships, 12, 233–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hansen, G. L. (1985). Perceived threats and marital jealousy. Social Psychology Quarterly, 48, 262–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hendrick, S. S., Hendrick, C., & Adler, N. L. (1988). Romantic relationship: love, satisfaction, and staying together. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 980–988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hendrick, C., Hendrick, S. S., & Dicke, A. (1998). The love attitudes scale: short form. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 15, 147–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kanemasa, Y., Taniguchi, J., Daibo, I., & Ishimori, M. (2004). Love styles and romantic love experiences in Japan. Social Behavior and Personality, 32, 265–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Le, B., & Agnew, C. R. (2003). Commitment and its theorized determinants: a meta-analysis of the investment model. Personal Relationships, 10, 37–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Leak, G. K., Gardner, L. E., & Parsons, C. J. (1998). Jealousy and romantic attachment: a replication and extension. Representative Research in Social Psychology, 22, 21–27.Google Scholar
  23. Lee, J. A. (1973). The colors of love: An exploration of the ways of loving. Ontario: New Press.Google Scholar
  24. Morrow, G. D., Clark, E. M., & Brock, K. F. (1995). Individual and partner love styles: implications for the quality of romantic involvements. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 12, 363–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nadler, A., & Dotan, I. (1992). Commitment and rival attractiveness: their effects on male and female reactions to jealousy-arousing situations. Sex Roles, 26, 293–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pfeiffer, S. M., & Wong, P. T. P. (1989). Multidimensional jealousy. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 6, 181–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rusbult, C. E. (1980). Commitment and satisfaction in romantic associations: a test of the investment model. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 16, 172–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rusbult, C. E., Martz, J. M., & Agnew, C. R. (1998). The Investment Model scale: measuring commitment level, satisfaction level, quality of alternatives, and investment size. Personal Relationships, 5, 357–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rydell, R. J., McConnell, A. R., & Bringle, R. B. (2004). Jealousy and commitment: perceived threat and the effect of relationship alternatives. Personal Relationships, 11, 451–468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sharpsteen, D. J., & Kirkpatrick, L. A. (1997). Romantic jealousy and adult romantic attachment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 627–640.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sheets, V. L., Fredendall, L. L., & Claypool, H. M. (1997). Jealousy evocation, partner reassurance, and relationship stability: an exploration of the potential benefits of jealousy. Evolution and Human Behavior, 18, 387–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Simpson, J. A., & Rholes, W. S. (1994). Stress and secure base relationships in adulthood. In K. Bartholomew & D. Perlman (Eds.), Advances in personal relationships: Vol. 5 . Attachment processes in adulthood (pp. 181–204). Bristol: Kingsley.Google Scholar
  33. Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston: Pearson.Google Scholar
  34. White, G. L. (1980). Inducing jealousy: a power perspective. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 6, 222–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. White, G. L. (1981). Jealousy and partner’s perceived motives for attraction to a rival. Social Psychology Quarterly, 44(1), 24–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Whitson, D., & Mattingly, B. A. (2010). Waking the green-eyed monster: attachment styles and jealousy induction in romantic relationships. Psi Chi Journal of Undergraduate Research, 15, 24–29.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brent A. Mattingly
    • 1
  • Diane Whitson
    • 2
  • Melinda J. B. Mattingly
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyAshland UniversityAshlandUSA
  2. 2.Saint Louis UniversitySaint LouisUSA

Personalised recommendations